SESRIC



List of Statistical Indicators of the BASEIND Statistics Database

Total Number of Indicators: 355
Category Indicator Name Unit Explanation
AGRICULTURE Agricultural Area Thousand Hectares Agricultural area, is the sum of areas under a) arable land (b) permanent crops (c) permanent meadows and pastures.
AGRICULTURE Agricultural Population Thousands All persons depending for their livelihood on agriculture, hunting, fishing and forestry. It comprises all persons economically active in agriculture as well as their non-working dependents. It is not necessary that this referred population exclusively come from rural population.
AGRICULTURE Arable Land Area, % of Total Land Area Percentages Share of arable land in total land area.
AGRICULTURE Arable Land, Total Thousand Hectares Arable land refers to land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens and land temporarily fallow (less than five years). The abandoned land resulting from shifting cultivation is not included. Data for arable land is not meant to indicate the amount of land that is potentially cultivable.
AGRICULTURE Fertilizer Use Tonnes Fertilizer consumption refers to the total amount of fertilizers used. This is obtained by adding the volumes of nitrogenous, phosphate and potash fertilizers expressed in terms of plant nutrients (N, P2O5 and K2O).
AGRICULTURE Fish Catches Tonnes Includes the fishing in the country as well as in the ocean.
AGRICULTURE Number of Tractors Units Agricultural tractors generally refer to wheel and crawler tractors (excluding garden tractors) used in agriculture.
AGRICULTURE Permanent Crops Thousand Hectares Permanent crops refer to the land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such as roses and jasmine; fruit trees; nut trees; vines and nurseries (except those for forest trees, which should be classified under "forest" and trees grown for wood or timber).
AGRICULTURE Permanent Meadows and Pastures Thousand Hectares Permanent meadows and pastures refer to the land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).
AGRICULTURE Production of Cereal Tonnes Includes only the cereals collected for dry grain.
AGRICULTURE Production of Cereal per Person Kilograms Total quantity of cereal production per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Cotton 1000 480 lb. Bales The amount of lint produced from harvested seed cotton.
AGRICULTURE Production of Cotton per Person Kilograms
AGRICULTURE Production of Fruits Tonnes Total quantity of fruits produced, dates excluded.
AGRICULTURE Production of Fruits per Person Kilograms
AGRICULTURE Production of Meat Tonnes Meat of animals slaughtered in the national borders, independant of their origin.
AGRICULTURE Production of Meat per Person Kilograms Quantity of meat produced per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Vegetables Tonnes Total quantity of vegetables produced, melons excluded.
AGRICULTURE Production of Vegetables per Person Kilograms
DEMOGRAPHY Crude Birth Rate Per thousand persons Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear.
DEMOGRAPHY Crude Death Rate Per thousand persons Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear.
DEMOGRAPHY Fertility Rate Births per Woman Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
DEMOGRAPHY Growth Rate of Population, Annual Percentages Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
DEMOGRAPHY Growth Rate of Population, Natural Percentages Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth in the absence of migration.
DEMOGRAPHY Household Number A household consists of all persons—related family members and all unrelated persons—who occupy a housing unit and have no other usual address. A house, an apartment, a group of rooms, or a single room is regarded as a housing unit when occupied or intended for occupancy as separate living quarters. A householder is the person (or one of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. The term is never applied to either husbands or wives in married-couple families but relates only to persons in families maintained by either men or women without a spouse.
DEMOGRAPHY International Migrant Stock (% of population) Percentages International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country.
DEMOGRAPHY International Migrant Stock, Total Thousands International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country.
DEMOGRAPHY Life Expectancy at Birth, Female Years Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn female infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
DEMOGRAPHY Life Expectancy at Birth, Male Years Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn male infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
DEMOGRAPHY Life Expectancy at Birth, Total Years Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
DEMOGRAPHY Migration, Female, % of Total Percentages Percentage of femal migration in total migration based on the global matrices of bilateral migrant stocks.
DEMOGRAPHY Migration, Net Thousands Net migration is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens. Data are five-year estimates.
DEMOGRAPHY Migration, Total Thousands The total migration originated from the country based on the global matrices of bilateral migrant stocks.
DEMOGRAPHY Population Density Persons per Square Kilometre Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 0-14, % of Total Percentages Population between the ages 0 to 14 as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 15-64, % of Total Percentages Population ages 15 to 64 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 15 to 64. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 65+, % of Total Percentages Population ages 65 and above as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Female, % of Total Percentages Female population is the number of population that is female. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Rural, % of Total Percentages Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Total Number Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates.
DEMOGRAPHY Refugee population by country or territory of asylum Thousands Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
DEMOGRAPHY Refugee population by country or territory of origin Thousands Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
EDUCATION Education Expenditure, Current, Public , % of Total Public Expenditure on Education Percentages Public current expenditure on education expressed as a percentage of total public expenditure on education (current and capital) in a given financial year. It shows the share of current expenditure within total public expenditure, thereby indicating the pattern of government spending on education in terms of the relative weight between current and capital expenditure.
EDUCATION Education Expenditure, Per Pupil , Public, All levels , % of GDP per capita Percentages Total public expenditure per student in all levels as a percentage of GDP per capita.
EDUCATION Education Expenditure, Public, % of GDP Percentages Total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. This indicator shows the proportion of a country’s wealth generated during a given year that has been spent by government authorities on education.
EDUCATION Enrollment, Pre-Primary Schools Number Total number of full and part time students  enrolled in public and private pre-primary schools.
EDUCATION Enrollment, Primary Schools Number Total number of full and part time students  enrolled in public and private primary schools.
EDUCATION Enrollment, Secondary Schools Number Total number of full and part time students  enrolled in public and private secondary schools.
EDUCATION Enrollment, Tertiary Schools Number Total number of full and part time students  enrolled in public and private tertiary schools.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled girls in primary schools,regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled boys in primary schools,regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled pupils in primary schools,regardless of age, to the population in the theoretical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled girls in pre-primary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theoretical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled boys in pre-primary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theoretical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled pupils in pre-primary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theoretical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled girls in secondary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled boys in secondary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled pupils in secondary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled female students of universities,regardless of age, to the theoretical age group of tertiary schools. For tertiary level, the population used is the five-year age group following on from the secondary school leaving age.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled male students of universities,regardless of age, to the theoretical age group of tertiary schools. For tertiary level, the population used is the five-year age group following on from the secondary school leaving age.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled students of universities,regardless of age, to the theoretical age group of tertiary schools. For tertiary level, the population used is the five-year age group following on from the secondary school leaving age.
EDUCATION Instructors, Tertiary Schools Number Total number of full and part time instructors working in all programmes of public and private tertiary schools.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Adult, Female Percentages Percentage of the female population of 15 years and older that is able to read, write and thus fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Adult, Male Percentages Percentage of the male population of 15 years and older that is able to read, write and thus fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Adult, Total Percentages Percentage of the population of 15 years and older that is able to read, write and thus fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Youth, Female Percentages Percentage of the female population aged between 15 and 24 that is able to read, write and thus to fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Youth, Male Percentages Percentage of the male population aged between 15 and 24 that is able to read, write and thus to fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Youth, Total Percentages Percentage of the population aged between 15 and 24 that is able to read, write and thus to fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Pre- Primary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all boys of the theoretical school-age group for pre-primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all girls of the theoretical school-age group for pre-primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all pupils of the theoretical school-age group for pre-primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all girls of the theoretical school-age group for primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all boys of the theoretical school-age group for primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all pupils of the theoretical school-age group for primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all girls of the theoretical school-age group for secondary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all boys of the theoretical school-age group for secondary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all pupils of the theoretical school-age group for secondary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Student -Teacher Ratio at Pre-Primary Schools Ratio Average number of pupils (students) per teacher at pre-primary schools in a given school-year, based on headcounts for both pupils and teachers.
EDUCATION Student -Teacher Ratio at Primary Schools Ratio Average number of pupils (students) per teacher at primary schools in a given school-year, based on headcounts for both pupils and teachers
EDUCATION Student -Teacher Ratio at Secondary Schools Ratio Average number of pupils (students) per teacher at secondary schools in a given school-year, based on headcounts for both pupils and teachers
EDUCATION Student-Instructor Ratio at Tertiary Schools Ratio Average number of students per teacher at tertiary schools in a given school-year, based on headcounts for both students and teachers
EDUCATION Teachers, Pre-Primary Schools Number Total number of full and part time teachers working in all programmes of public and private pre-primary schools.
EDUCATION Teachers, Primary Schools Number Total number of full and part time teachers working in all programmes of public and private primary schools.
EDUCATION Teachers, Secondary Schools Number Total number of full and part time teachers working in all programmes of public and private secondary schools.
ENERGY Access to Electricity (% of Population) Percentages Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.
ENERGY Access to Electricity, Rural (% of Rural Population) Percentages Access to electricity, rural is the percentage of rural population with access to electricity.
ENERGY Access to Electricity, Urban (% of Urban Population) Percentages Access to electricity, urban is the percentage of urban population with access to electricity.
ENERGY Adjusted Savings: Energy Depletion Current Prices in US Dollars Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers coal, crude oil, and natural gas.
ENERGY Adjusted Savings: Energy Depletion (% of GNI) Percentages Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers coal, crude oil, and natural gas.
ENERGY Alternative and Nuclear Energy (% of Total Energy Use) Percentages Clean energy is noncarbohydrate energy that does not produce carbon dioxide when generated. It includes hydropower and nuclear, geothermal, and solar power, among others.
ENERGY Coal Rents % of GDP Percentages Coal rents are the difference between the value of both hard and soft coal production at world prices and their total costs of production.
ENERGY Energy Consumption Thousand Metric Tons of Oil Equivalent Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
ENERGY Energy Imports, Net (% of Energy Use) Percentages Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
ENERGY Energy Intensity Level of Primary Energy MJ / 2011 PPP USD GDP Energy intensity level of primary energy is the ratio between energy supply and gross domestic product measured at purchasing power parity. Energy intensity is an indication of how much energy is used to produce one unit of economic output. Lower ratio indicates that less energy is used to produce one unit of output.
ENERGY Energy Production Thousand Metric Tons of Oil Equivalent Energy production refers to forms of primary energy--petroleum (crude oil, natural gas liquids, and oil from nonconventional sources), natural gas, solid fuels (coal, lignite, and other derived fuels), and combustible renewables and waste--and primary electricity, all converted into oil equivalents.
ENERGY GDP per Unit of Energy Use Constant 2011 PPP USD per kg of Oil Equivalent GDP per unit of energy use is the PPP GDP per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
ENERGY GDP per Unit of Energy Use PPP $ Per kg of Oil Equivalent GDP per unit of energy use is the PPP GDP per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to current international dollars using purchasing power parity rates based on the 2011 ICP round. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
ENERGY Production of Crude Oil Thousand Barrels per Day Crude oil is a mineral oil consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons of natural origin, being yellow to black in colour, of variable density and viscosity. It also includes lease condensate (separator liquids) which are recovered from gaseous hydrocarbons in lease separation facilities.
ENERGY Production of Electricity Billion Kilowatt-Hours Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
ENERGY Production of Natural Gas, World Marketed Million Standart Cubic Metres Gas consisting essentially of methane, extracts of natural underground deposits.
ENERGY Renewable Electricity Output (% of Total Electricity Output) Percentages Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.
ENERGY Renewable Energy Consumption (% of Total Final Energy Consumption) Percentages Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.
ENVIRONMENT Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Per Capita Metric Tons Carbon dioxide emmissions per capita are measured as the total amount of carbon dioxide emitted by the country as a consequence of all relevant human (production and consumption) activities, divided by the population of the country.
ENVIRONMENT Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Total Thousand Metric Tonnes Estimates of total carbon dioxide emissions include anthropogenic emissions, less removal by sinks, of carbon dioxide. The term “total” implies that emissions from all national activities are considered. The typical sectors for which carbon dioxide emissions/removals are estimated are energy, industrial processes, agriculture, waste, and the sector of land use, land-use change and forestry.
ENVIRONMENT Consumption Of All Ozone Depleting CFCs ODP Metric Tons This indicator is used to monitor the reduction in the usage of Ozone Depleting Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) as a result of the Montreal Protocol. Therefore only chlorofluorocarbons controlled under the Montreal Protocol are covered by the indicator. The Units of Measurement are metric tons of ODS weighted by their Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP), otherwise referred to as ODP tons.
ENVIRONMENT Consumption of All Ozone Depleting Substances ODP Metric Tons This indicator is used to monitor the reduction in the usage of Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs) as a result of the Montreal Protocol. Therefore only ODSs controlled under the Montreal Protocol are covered by the indicator. The Units of Measurement are metric tons of ODS weighted by their Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP), otherwise referred to as ODP tons.
ENVIRONMENT Energy Use (kg Equivalent) per $1000 GDP Constant 2005 PPP $ Energy use per GDP (Constant 2005 PPP $) is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per gross domestic product converted to 2005 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Adult Literacy Rate (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Adult Literacy Rate, Female and Adult Literacy Rate, Male
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Gross Enrolment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools Ratio Ratio of female to male values of Gross Enrolment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools. The GPI measures progress towards gender parity in education participation and/or learning opportunities available for women in relation to those available to men. It also reflects the level of women’s empowerment in society.
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Gross Enrolment Rate in Primary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Female and Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Male
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Gross Enrolment Rate in Secondary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Female and Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Male
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Gross Enrolment Rate in Tertiary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Female and Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Male
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Labor Force Participation Shares Ratio Ratio of Labor Force Participation Rate, Female (% of Female Population Ages 15-64) and Labor Force Participation Rate, Male (% of Male Population Ages 15-64)
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Labor Force Shares Ratio Ratio of Labor Force, Female, % of Total Labor Force and Labor Force, Male, % of Total Labor Force
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Life Expectancy At Birth (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Life Expectancy at Birth, Female and Life Expectancy at Birth, Male
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Net Enrolment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools Ratio Ratio of female to male values of Net Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools. The GPI measures progress towards gender parity in education participation and/or learning opportunities available for women in relation to those available to men. It also reflects the level of women’s empowerment in society.
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Net Enrolment Rate in Primary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Female and Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Male
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Net Enrolment Rate in Secondary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Female and Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Male
GENDER Gender Parity Index for Youth Literacy Rate (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Youth Literacy Rate, Female and Youth Literacy Rate, Male
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with DTP3 Percentages DTP3 immunization coverage is the percentage of one-year-olds who have received three doses of the combined diphtheria, tetanus toxoid and pertussis vaccine in a given year.
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with HepB3 Percentages HepB3 immunization coverage is the percentage of one-year-olds who have received three doses of hepatitis B3 vaccine in a given year. Hib3 immunization coverage is the percentage of one-year-olds who have received three doses of Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine in a given year.
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with Hib3 Percentages The percentage of one-year-olds who have received three doses of Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine in a given year.
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with MCV Percentages Measles immunization coverage is the percentage of one-year-olds who have received at least one dose of measles-containing vaccine in a given year. For countries recommending the first dose of measles vaccine in children over 12 months of age, the indicator is calculated as the proportion of children less than 24 months of age receiving one dose of measles-containing vaccine.
HEALTH Access to Improved Sanitation Facilities, % of total population Ratio Access to improved sanitation facilities refers to the percentage of the population using improved sanitation facilities. Improved sanitation facilities are likely to ensure hygienic separation of human excreta from human contact. They include flush/pour flush (to piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine), ventilated improved pit (VIP) latrine, pit latrine with slab, and composting toilet.
HEALTH Access to Improved Water Sources, % of total population Ratio Access to an improved water source refers to the percentage of the population using an improved drinking water source. The improved drinking water source includes piped water on premises (piped household water connection located inside the user’s dwelling, plot or yard), and other improved drinking water sources (public taps or standpipes, tube wells or boreholes, protected dug wells, protected springs, and rainwater collection).
HEALTH Births Attended by Skilled Health Personnel (%) Ratio Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
HEALTH Dentists, Numbers Units Includes dentists, dental assistants and dental technicians.
HEALTH Dentists, Per 10,000 Population Ratio Includes dentists, dental assistants and dental technicians.
HEALTH Health Exp., Private, % of Total Health Exp. Percentages Private expenditure on health is the sum of outlays for health by private entities, such as commercial or mutual health insurance providers, non-profit institutions serving households, resident corporations and quasi-corporations not controlled by government with a health services delivery or financing, and direct household out-of-pocket payments.
HEALTH Health Exp., Public, % of GDP Percentages Public expenditure on health as % of GDP consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds, all as % of GDP.
HEALTH Health Exp., Public, % of Total Health Exp. Percentages Public expenditure corresponds to the consolidated outlays of all levels of government: territorial authorities (Central/Federal Government, Provincial/Regional/State/District authorities, Municipal/ Local governments), social security institutions and extrabudgetary funds, including capital outlays.
HEALTH Health Exp., Public, % of Total Public Exp. Percentages Public expenditure corresponds to the consolidated outlays of all levels of government: territorial authorities (Central/Federal Government, Provincial/Regional/State/District authorities, Municipal/ Local governments), social security institutions and extrabudgetary funds, including capital outlays.
HEALTH Health Exp., Total, % of GDP Percentages Total expenditure on health comprises the funds mobilized by the system, being the sum of general government and private expenditure on health.
HEALTH Hospital Beds, Per 10,000 Population Ratio Includes inpatient beds available in public, private, general and specialised hospitals and rehabilitation centres.
HEALTH Mortality Rate, Adult, Female Ratio Adult mortality rate, female, is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old female dying before reaching age 60, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year between those ages.
HEALTH Mortality Rate, Adult, Male Ratio Adult mortality rate, male, is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old male dying before reaching age 60, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year between those ages.
HEALTH Mortality Rate, Infant Ratio Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
HEALTH Mortality Rate, Under-Five Ratio  Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.
HEALTH Mortality Ratio, Maternal Ratio Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
HEALTH Nurses, Numbers Units Includes professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses. Traditional birth attendants included here but as community/traditional health workers.
HEALTH Nurses, Per 10,000 Population Ratio Includes professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses. Traditional birth attendants included here but as community/traditional health workers.
HEALTH People Living with HIV/AIDS, 15-49 Years Old Percentages The prevalence of HIV among the population 15-49 years old is the percentage of individuals aged 15-49 living with HIV. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that weakens the immune system, ultimately leading to AIDS, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV destroys the body’s ability to fight off infection and disease, which can ultimately lead to death.
HEALTH Pharmacists, Numbers Units Includes pharmacists, pharmaceutical assistants, pharmaceutical technicians and related occupations.
HEALTH Pharmacists, Per 10,000 Population Ratio Includes pharmacists, pharmaceutical assistants, pharmaceutical technicians and related occupations.
HEALTH Physicians, Numbers Units Includes generalists and specialists.
HEALTH Physicians, Per 10,000 Population Ratio Includes generalists and specialists.
HEALTH Tuberculosis: DOTS Case Detection Rate Percentages The term ‘case detection’, as used here, means that TB is diagnosed in a patient and is reported within the national surveillance system, and then to WHO. The case detection rate is calculated as the number of new smear positive cases notified divided by the number of new smear positive cases estimated for that year, expressed as a percentage.
HEALTH Tuberculosis: DOTS Treatment Success Percentages The proportion of new smear-positive TB cases registered under DOTS in a given year that successfully completed treatment, whether with or without bacteriological evidence of success (“cured” or “treatment completed” respectively). At the end of treatment, each patient is assigned one of the following six mutually exclusive treatment outcomes: cured; completed; died; failed; defaulted; and transferred out with outcome unknown. The proportions of cases assigned to these outcomes, plus any additional cases registered for treatment but not assigned to an outcome, add up to 100% of cases registered.
HEALTH Under-5 Moderately or Severely Underweight Percentages Prevalence of (moderately and severely) underweight children is the percentage of children aged 0-59 months whose weights for age are less than two standard deviations below the median weight for age of the international reference population. The international reference population, often referred to as the NCHS/WHO reference population, was formulated by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) as a reference for the United States and later adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO). The NCHS/WHO reference standard represents the distribution of height and weight by age and sex in a well-nourished population. In a well-nourished population, 2.3 percent of children fall below minus two standard deviations. A new standard reference population, the WHO Child Growth Standards, was released in April 2006 and is also being used to estimate underweight prevalence (see Comments and Limitations below). Percentage of children under five that are underweight = (Number of children under age five that fall below minus two standard deviations from the median weight for age of the NCHS/WHO standard (moderate and severe))*100/ Total number of children under age five that were weighted.
INDICES Ease of Doing Business Index Score Ease of doing business ranks economies from 1 to 190, with first place being the best. A high ranking (a low numerical rank) means that the regulatory environment is conducive to business operation. The index averages the country's percentile rankings on 10 topics covered in the World Bank's Doing Business. The ranking on each topic is the simple average of the percentile rankings on its component indicators.
INDICES Financial Development Index Score The financial development index is constructed using a standard three-step approach found in the literature on reducing multidimensional data into one summary index: (i) normalization of variables; (ii) aggregation of normalized variables into the sub-indices representing a particular functional dimension; and (iii) aggregation of the sub-indices into the final index. This procedure follows the OECD Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators (OECD, 2008), which is a good reference for methodological suggestions. There are a number of examples in the literature of constructing composite indices that compare and rank country performance. These include the IMF Financial Stress Index (Cardarelli, Elekdag, and Lall, 2008; Cardarelli, Elekdag, and Lall, 2009), various financial inclusion indices (Amidžić, Massara, and Mialou, 2014; Camara and Tuesta, 2014), and the United Nations Development Programme well-being indices, such as the Human Development Index, Gender-Inequality Index, Gender Development Index, and Multidimensional Poverty Index (UNDP, 2014).
INDICES Food Production Index (2004-2006 = 100) Score Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
INDICES GINI Index Score Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
INDICES Human Development Index Score HDI is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living. The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions.
INDICES Logistics Performance Index: Overall (1=Low to 5=High) Score Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010).
INDICES Methodology Assessment of Statistical Capacity (Scale 0 - 100) Score The methodology indicator measures a country’s ability to adhere to internationally recommended standards and methods. The methodology score is calculated as the weighted average of 10 underlying indicator scores. The final methodology score contributes 1/3 of the overall Statistical Capacity Indicator score.
INDICES Overall Level of Statistical Capacity (Scale 0 - 100) Score The Statistical Capacity Indicator is a composite score assessing the capacity of a country’s statistical system. It is based on a diagnostic framework assessing the following areas: methodology; data sources; and periodicity and timeliness. Countries are scored against 25 criteria in these areas, using publicly available information and/or country input. The overall Statistical Capacity score is then calculated as a simple average of all three area scores on a scale of 0-100.
INDICES Periodicity and Timeliness Assessment of Statistical Capacity (Scale 0 - 100) Score The periodicity and timeliness indicator assesses the availability and periodicity of key socioeconomic indicators. It measures the extent to which data are made accessible to users through transformation of source data into timely statistical outputs. The periodicity score is calculated as the weighted average of 10 underlying indicator scores. The final periodicity score contributes 1/3 of the overall Statistical Capacity Indicator score.
INDICES Source Data Assessment of Statistical Capacity (Scale 0 - 100) Score The source data indicator reflects whether a country conducts data collection activities in line with internationally recommended periodicity, and whether data from administrative systems are available. The source data score is calculated as the weighted average of 5 underlying indicator scores. The final source data score contributes 1/3 of the overall Statistical Capacity Indicator score.
INDUSTRY and MANUFACTURING Chemicals (as % of value added in manufacturing) Percentages Chemicals comprise ISIC groups 351 and 352.
INDUSTRY and MANUFACTURING Production of Bauxite Thousand Metric Tonnes Gross weight of crude ore mined
INDUSTRY and MANUFACTURING Production of Cement Thousand Metric Tonnes All hydraulic cements used for construction (Portland, metallurgic, aluminous, natural etc)
INDUSTRY and MANUFACTURING Production of Copper Ore and Concentrates (metal content) Thousand Metric Tonnes Cu content of copper ores and concentrates and all other copper bearing ores and concentrates intended for treatment for copper recovery.
INDUSTRY and MANUFACTURING Production of Fertilisers Tonnes Fertilizer production refers to the different fertilizers (N, P, K and compounds) produced by a country. Production based on imported ammonia, phosphoric acid or rock phosphate is considered as national production, while that based on imported finished fertilizers (ammonium phosphate, potassium chloride, etc.) is excluded from national production to avoid double counting at the world level.
INDUSTRY and MANUFACTURING Textiles and Clothing (as % of value added in manufacturing) Percentages Textiles and clothing comprise ISIC division 32.
INFRASTRUCTURE Air Transport, Freight Million Ton - Km Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
INFRASTRUCTURE Air Transport, Passengers Carried Number Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
INFRASTRUCTURE Air Transport, Registered Carrier Departures Worldwide Number Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
INFRASTRUCTURE Cellular Mobile Telephone Subscribers per 100 persons Number Mobile cellular telephone subscribers (post-paid + prepaid) refer to the use of portable telephones subscribing to a public mobile telephone service and provides access to Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) using cellular technology.
INFRASTRUCTURE Internet Bandwidth, International Megabits / Second Total capacity of international Internet bandwidth in megabits per second. If capacity is asymmetric (i.e., more incoming than outgoing), the incoming capacity should be provided.
INFRASTRUCTURE Internet Speed, Fixed Broadband Megabits / Second Fixed (wired) broadband speed represents the advertised maximum theoritical download speed and not speeds guranteed to users in megabits per second.
INFRASTRUCTURE Internet Subscribers per 100 persons Number The total number of internet subscribers per 100 persons. The total internet subscribers includes dial-up, total fixed broadband subscribers, cable modem, DSL Internet subscribers, other broadband and leased line internet subscribers.
INFRASTRUCTURE Internet Users per 100 persons Number Internet users are people with access to the worldwide network.
INFRASTRUCTURE Merchant Shipping: Fleets Dead Weight Tonnes in Thousands All ships, oil tankers and ore and bulk carrier fleets registered in a country.
INFRASTRUCTURE Motor Vehicles in Use: Commercial Vehicles Thousand Units Commercial vehicles include light commercial vehicles, heavy trucks, coaches and buses.
INFRASTRUCTURE Motor Vehicles in Use: Passenger Cars Thousand Units Passenger cars are motor vehicles with at least four wheels, used for the transport of passengers, and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat.
INFRASTRUCTURE Personal Computers Number The number of Personal Computers (PC) measures the number of computers installed in a country. The statistic includes PCs, Laptops, notebooks etc.
INFRASTRUCTURE Rail lines (total route-km) Kilometers Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks.
INFRASTRUCTURE Railways, Goods Transported Million Ton - Km Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Net ton-kilometres are freight net ton-kilometres and include both fast and ordinary goods services but exclude service traffic, mail, baggage and non revenue governmental stores.
INFRASTRUCTURE Railways, Passengers Carried Million Passenger - Km Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled . (i.e. Domestic and international traffic on all railway lines within each country.) Passenger kilometres include all passengers except military, government and railway personnel when carried without revenue.
INFRASTRUCTURE Revenue,Telecomunication Services US Dollars This is the total (gross) telecommunication revenue earned from all (fixed, mobile and data including Internet) operators (both network and virtual operators) offering services within the country. This should exclude revenues from non-telecommunications services. Revenue (turnover) consists of telecommunication service earnings during the financial year under review. This should refer to actual revenues earned by retailers and not from wholesale. Revenue should not include monies received in respect of revenue earned during previous financial years, neither does it include monies received by way of loans from governments, or external investors, nor monies received from repayable subscribers' contributions or deposits. Revenues should be net of royalties. It should exclude revenues generated from traditional broadcasting. This indicator is expressed in US$.
INFRASTRUCTURE Roads, Paved (% of total network) Percentages Paved roads are those surfaced with crushed stone (macadam) and hydrocarbon binder or bituminized agents, with concrete, or with cobblestones, as a percentage of all the country's roads, measured in length.
INFRASTRUCTURE Roads, total network (km) Kilometers The road network includes all roads in the country—motorways, highways, main or national roads, secondary or regional roads, and other urban and rural roads
INFRASTRUCTURE Telephone Lines in Operation per 100 persons Number The telephone lines connecting the subscriber’s terminal equipment to the public switched network and which have dedicated ports in the telephone exchange equipment. Integrated services digital network channels ands fixed wireless subscribers are included.
INFRASTRUCTURE Television Receivers Thousands The total no of television sets .A television set is a device capable of receiving broadcast television signals, using popular access means such as over-the-air, cable and satellite.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Balance of Payments: Current Account Million USD Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net income, and net current transfers. It excludes exceptional financing.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Balance of Payments: Net Trade in Services Million USD Balance in Services (previously nonfactor services) refers to net economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993).
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Balance of Payments: Trade Balance Million USD Net trade in goods (trade balance) is the difference between exports and imports of goods. Service balance is not included. But the category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Debt Service Payments Thousand USD Total debt service (TDS) shows the debt service payments on total long-term debt (public and publicly guaranteed and private nonguaranteed), use of IMF credit, and interest on short-term debt only. Debt service payments are the sum of principal repayments and interest payments in the year specified.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE External Debt, Long Term Thousand USD Long-term debt outstanding and disbursed (LDOD) is the total outstanding long-term debt at year end. Long-term external debt is defines ad debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents and repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Maturity can be defined either on an original or remaining basis. It has three components: public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed debt.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE External Debt, Short Term Thousand USD Short-term external debt (DOD) is defined as debt that has an original maturity of one year or less. Maturity can be defined either on an original or remaining basis. Available data permit no distinction between public and private nonguaranteed short-term debt.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE External Debt, Total Thousand USD Total external debt (EDT, DOD) consists of public and publicly guaranteed long-term debt, private nonguaranteed long-term debt (whether reported or estimated), the use of IMF credit, and estimated short-term debt.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Foreign Direct Investment Million USD Foreign direct investment is net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. The components of FDI are equity capital, reinvested earnings and other capital (mainly intra-company loans). As countries do not always collect data for each of those components, there is an apparent lack of comparability of FDI data reported by different countries. Moreover, for a given transaction, host country and home country often do not register it in exactly the same way. In particular, data on reinvested earnings, the collection of which depends on company surveys, are often unreported by many countries.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Official Development Assistance Million USD Official development assistance (ODA) consists of net disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (i.e with a grant element of at least 25 % ) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and by multilateral institutions. The promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries should be the main objective of ODA. In addition to financial flows, technical cooperation is included in aid. Grants, loans and credits for military purposes and lending by export credit agencies - with the purpose of export promotion - are excluded.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Private Nonguaranteed Debt Thousand USD Private nonguaranteed long-term debt outstanding and disbursed (PNG, LDOD) is an external obligation of a private debtor that is not guaranteed for repayment by a public entity.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Public and Publicly Guaranteed Debt Thousand USD Public and publicly guaranteed long-term debt outstanding and disbursed (PPG, LDOD) are disseminated as aggregation. Public debt is an external obligation of a public debtor, including the national government, a political subdivision (or an agency of either), and autonomous public bodies. Publicly guaranteed debt is an external obligation of a private debtor that is guaranteed for repayment by a public entity.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Rate of Exchange: End of Period Ratio Exchange rate is the price of one currency in terms of another. If available, the rate at market prices is given. Otherwise, it is the official or principal rate. It is expressed in national currency per USD.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Rate of Exchange: Period Average Ratio Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages . If official rate is not available, the period average of market rate is given. It is expressed in national currency per USD.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Total Reserves, Excluding Gold Thousand USD Total reserves minus gold comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. Gold holdings are excluded.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Total Reserves, Including Gold Thousand USD Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Use of IMF Credit Thousand USD Use of IMF credit (DOD) denotes repurchase obligations to the IMF with respect to all uses of IMF resources, excluding those resulting from drawings in the reserve tranche. It is shown for the end of the year specified. It comprises purchases outstanding under the credit tranches, including enlarged access resources and all of the special facilities (the buffer stock, compensatory financing, extended fund, and oil facilities), Trust Fund loans, and operations under the Structural Adjustment and Enhanced Structural Adjustment facilities. To maintain comparability between data on transactions with the IMF and data on long-term debt, use of IMF credit outstanding at the end of year (stock) is converted to dollars at the SDR exchange rate in effect at the end of year. Purchases and repurchases (flows) are converted at the average SDR exchange rate for the year in which transactions take place. Net purchases will usually not reconcile changes in the use of IMF credit from year to year. Valuation effects from the use of different exchange rates frequently explain much of the difference, but not all. Other factors are increases in quotas (which expand a country's reserve tranche and can thereby lower the use of IMF credit as defined here), approved purchases of a country's currency by another member country drawing on the General Resources Account, and various administrative uses of a country's currency by the IMF.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Cases of fatal occupational injury Number A case of occupational injury is the case of a worker incurring an occupational injury as a result of an occupational accident. An occupational injury that is fatal is the result of an occupational accident where death occurred within one year from the day of the accident.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Cases of non-fatal occupational injury (with lost workdays) Number A case of non-fatal occupational injury is the case of a worker incurring an occupational injury as a result of an occupational accident not leading to death. The non-fatal occupational injury entails a loss of working time.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Dependency Ratio, Total, % of Working Age Population Ratio The ratio of total dependents (i.e. people younger than 15 or older than 64) to the working-age population (i.e. those ages 15-64). Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment in Agriculture, % of Total Employment Percentages Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment in Industry, % of Total Employment Percentages Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment in Services, % of Total Employment Percentages Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15+, Female (%) Percentages Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15+, Male (%) Percentages Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15+, Total (%) Percentages Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15-24 Female (%) Percentages Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country’s population that is employed. Ages 15–24 are generally considered the youth population.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15-24, Male (%) Percentages Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country’s population that is employed. Ages 15–24 are generally considered the youth population.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15-24, Total (%) Percentages Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country’s population that is employed. Ages 15–24 are generally considered the youth population.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION GDP per person employed (constant 1990 PPP $) US Dollars GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 1990 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Force, Female, % of Total Labour Force Percentages Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Force, Total Units Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Female (% of Female Population Ages 15+) Percentages The proportion of the female population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Male (% of Male Population Ages 15+) Percentages The proportion of the male population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Total (% of total Population Ages 15+) Percentages The proportion of the total population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Population of Ages 0-14, % of Total Population Percentages Population ages 0 to 14 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 0 to 14.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Population of Ages 15-64, % of Total Population Percentages Population ages 15 to 64 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 15 to 64.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Population of Ages 65 +, % of Total Population Percentages Population ages 65 and above is the percentage of the total population that is 65 or older.
LABOUR and SOCIAL PROTECTION Unemployment Rate, % of total labor force Percentages Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
MONEY and PRICES Consumer Price Index (2000=100) Number An indicator of inflation that reflects changes in the cost of acquiring a fixed basket of goods and services by the average consumer.
MONEY and PRICES Consumer Prices, annual % change Percentages An indicator of inflation that reflects changes in the cost of acquiring a fixed basket of goods and services by the average consumer expressed as the average percentage change over the previous year.
MONEY and PRICES Discount Rate Percentages The rate at which the central banks lend or discount eligible paper for deposit money banks, typically shown on an end-of-period basis.
MONEY and PRICES GDP Deflator (2005=100), National Currency Units Ratio GDP deflator is the implicit price deflator for GDP of which the movements in an implicit price deflator reflect both changes in price and changes in the composition of the aggregate for which the deflator is calculated. Here, the GDP implicit deflator is calculated as the ratio of GDP in current NCU to GDP in constant NCU (chain value measure).
MONEY and PRICES GDP Deflator (2005=100), US Dollars Ratio GDP deflator is the implicit price deflator for GDP of which the movements in an implicit price deflator reflect both changes in price and changes in the composition of the aggregate for which the deflator is calculated. Here, the GDP implicit deflator is calculated as the ratio of GDP in current US dollars to GDP in constant US dollars (chain value measure).
MONEY and PRICES Money Supply: M1 Million National Currency Units Money is the sum of currency outside banks and demand deposits other than those of central government. This series, frequently referred to as M1 is a narrower definition of money than M2.
MONEY and PRICES Money Supply: M1 plus Quasi-money Million National Currency Units Money and quasi money comprise the sum of currency outside banks, demand deposits other than those of the central government, and the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government.This definition of money supply is frequently called M2.
MONEY and PRICES Wholesale Price Index (2005=100) Number Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Agriculture, Share in GDP Percentages Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing is an aggregation of economic activities of Section A Agriculture, hunting and forestry and Section B Fishing (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as a share in GDP.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Construction, Share in GDP Percentages Construction represents the economic activities of Section F Construction (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as a share in GDP.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP (Constant 2005 Prices) National Currency Units Gross domestic product (GDP) at constant prices refers to the volume level of GDP. Constant price estimates of GDP are obtained by expressing values in terms of a base period. In theory, the price and quantity components of a value are identified and the price in the base period is substituted for that in the current period. Two main methods are adopted in practice. The first, referred to as "quantity revaluation", is based on a methodology consistent with the above theory (i.e., by multiplying the current period quantity by the base period price). The second, commonly referred to as "price deflation", involves dividing price indexes into the observed values to obtain the volume estimate. The price indexes used are built up from the prices of the major items contributing to each value. Expressed in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP (Constant 2005 Prices) US Dollars Gross domestic product (GDP) at constant prices refers to the volume level of GDP. Constant price estimates of GDP are obtained by expressing values in terms of a base period. In theory, the price and quantity components of a value are identified and the price in the base period is substituted for that in the current period. Two main methods are adopted in practice. The first, referred to as "quantity revaluation", is based on a methodology consistent with the above theory (i.e., by multiplying the current period quantity by the base period price). The second, commonly referred to as "price deflation", involves dividing price indexes into the observed values to obtain the volume estimate. The price indexes used are built up from the prices of the major items contributing to each value. Expressed in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP (Current Prices) National Currency Units Gross domestic product (GDP) at current prices is GDP at prices of the current reporting period. Also known as nominal GDP. Expressed in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP (Current Prices) US Dollars Gross domestic product (GDP) at current prices is GDP at prices of the current reporting period. Also known as nominal GDP.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP, Per Capita (Current Prices) US Dollars GDP per head calculated as the aggregate of production (GDP) divided by the population size.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS General Government Final Consumption Expenditures (Constant 2005 Prices) National Currency Units Government final consumption expenditure consists of expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by general government on both individual consumption goods and services and collective consumption services. Expressed in Constant Prices in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS General Government Final Consumption Expenditures (Constant 2005 Prices) US Dollars Government final consumption expenditure consists of expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by general government on both individual consumption goods and services and collective consumption services. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS General Government Final Consumption Expenditures (Current Prices) National Currency Units Government final consumption expenditure consists of expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by general government on both individual consumption goods and services and collective consumption services. Expressed in Current Prices in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS General Government Final Consumption Expenditures (Current Prices) US Dollars Government final consumption expenditure consists of expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by general government on both individual consumption goods and services and collective consumption services. Expressed in Current Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS General Government Final Consumption Expenditures, Share in Total Consumption Percentages The share of Government Consumption in Total Consumption
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GNI (Current Prices) National Currency Units Gross national income (GNI) is GDP less net taxes on production and imports, less compensation of employees and property income payable to the rest of the world plus the corresponding items receivable from the rest of the world (in other words, GDP less primary incomes payable to non-resident units plus primary incomes receivable from non-resident units). An alternative approach to measuring GNI at market prices is as the aggregate value of the balances of gross primary incomes for all sectors; (note that gross national income is identical to gross national product (GNP) as previously used in national accounts). Expressed in Current Prices in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GNI (Current Prices) US Dollars Gross national income (GNI) is GDP less net taxes on production and imports, less compensation of employees and property income payable to the rest of the world plus the corresponding items receivable from the rest of the world (in other words, GDP less primary incomes payable to non-resident units plus primary incomes receivable from non-resident units). An alternative approach to measuring GNI at market prices is as the aggregate value of the balances of gross primary incomes for all sectors; (note that gross national income is identical to gross national product (GNP) as previously used in national accounts). Expressed in Current Prices in USD
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GNI, Per Capita (Current Prices) US Dollars GNI per head calculated as the aggregate of production (GNI) divided by the population size.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Capital Formation (Constant 2005 Prices) National Currency Units Gross fixed capital formation is is measured by the total value of a producer’s acquisitions, less disposals, of fixed assets during the accounting period plus certain additions to the value of non- produced assets (such as subsoil assets or major improvements in the quantity, quality or productivity of land) realised by the productive activity of institutional units. Expressed in Constant Prices in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Capital Formation (Constant 2005 Prices) US Dollars Gross fixed capital formation is is measured by the total value of a producer’s acquisitions, less disposals, of fixed assets during the accounting period plus certain additions to the value of non- produced assets (such as subsoil assets or major improvements in the quantity, quality or productivity of land) realised by the productive activity of institutional units. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Capital Formation (Current Prices) US Dollars Gross fixed capital formation is is measured by the total value of a producer’s acquisitions, less disposals, of fixed assets during the accounting period plus certain additions to the value of non- produced assets (such as subsoil assets or major improvements in the quantity, quality or productivity of land) realised by the productive activity of institutional units. Expressed in Current Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Capital Formation (Current Prices) National Currency Units Gross fixed capital formation is is measured by the total value of a producer’s acquisitions, less disposals, of fixed assets during the accounting period plus certain additions to the value of non- produced assets (such as subsoil assets or major improvements in the quantity, quality or productivity of land) realised by the productive activity of institutional units. Expressed in Current Prices in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Domestic Savings, % of GDP Percentages Share in GDP of (Total Expenditures minus the Gross Domestic Product).
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Household Consumption (Constant 2005 Prices) National Currency Units Household final consumption expenditure consists of the expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by resident households on individual consumption goods and services, including those sold at prices that are not economically significant. Expressed in Constant Prices in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Household Consumption (Constant 2005 Prices) US Dollars Household final consumption expenditure consists of the expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by resident households on individual consumption goods and services, including those sold at prices that are not economically significant. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Household Consumption (Current Prices) National Currency Units Household final consumption expenditure consists of the expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by resident households on individual consumption goods and services, including those sold at prices that are not economically significant. Expressed in CurrentPrices in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Household Consumption (Current Prices) US Dollars Household final consumption expenditure consists of the expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by resident households on individual consumption goods and services, including those sold at prices that are not economically significant. Expressed in CurrentPrices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Household Consumption, Share in Total Consumption Percentages The share of Household Consumption in Total Consumption
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Industry, Share in GDP Percentages Mining, manufacturing and utilities is an aggregation of economic activities of Section C Mining and quarrying, Section D Manufacturing and Section E Electricity, gas and water supply (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as share in GDP
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Manufacturing, Share in GDP Percentages Manufacturing represents the economic activities of section D Manufacturing (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as share in GDP
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Other Activities, Share in GDP Percentages Other activities constitute the aggregation of economic activities of Section J Financial intermediation, Section K Real estate, renting and business activities, Section L Public administration and defence, compulsory social security, Section M Education, Section N Health and social work, Section O Other community, social and personal service activities and Section P Activities of private households as employers and undifferentiated production activities of private households.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Total Consumption (Constant 2005 Prices) US Dollars Final consumption expenditure consists of houshold final consumption expenditure, government final consumption expenditure and final consumption expenditure of NPISH's. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Total Consumption (Constant 2005 Prices) National Currency Units Final consumption expenditure consists of houshold final consumption expenditure, government final consumption expenditure and final consumption expenditure of NPISH's. Expressed in Constant Prices in National Currency Units
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Total Consumption (Current Prices) National Currency Units Final consumption expenditure consists of houshold final consumption expenditure, government final consumption expenditure and final consumption expenditure of NPISH's. Expressed in Current Prices in National Currency Units
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Total Consumption (Current Prices) US Dollars Final consumption expenditure consists of houshold final consumption expenditure, government final consumption expenditure and final consumption expenditure of NPISH's.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Transport, Storage and Communication, Share in GDP Percentages Transport, storage and communication represents the economic activities of Section I Transport, storage and communication (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as share in GDP
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Wholesale, Retail Trade, Restaurants and Hotels, Share in GDP Percentages Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels is an aggregation of economic activities of Section G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods and Section H Hotels and restaurants (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as a share of GDP
PUBLIC FINANCE Balance of Government Budget Million National Currency Units Balance of Government Budget is the difference between Government Revenues and Government Expenditures.
PUBLIC FINANCE Government Expenditures Million National Currency Units Government Expenditures are cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses.
PUBLIC FINANCE Government Expenditures, Share in GDP Percentages Government Expenditures, Share in GDP gives the percentage of government expenditures in GDP at Current Market Prices, NCU.
PUBLIC FINANCE Government Revenues Million National Currency Units Government Revenues are cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered as revenue but are excluded here. Hence it is revenue, excluding grants.
PUBLIC FINANCE Government Revenues, Share in GDP Percentages Government Revenues, Share in GDP gives the percentage of government revenues in GDP at Current Market Prices, NCU.
PUBLIC FINANCE Interest Payments Million National Currency Units Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
PUBLIC FINANCE Subsidies Payments Million National Currency Units Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security.
PUBLIC FINANCE Total Tax Revenue Million National Currency Units Tax revenue refers to compulsory transfers to the central government for public purposes. Certain compulsory transfers such as fines, penalties, and most social security contributions are excluded. Refunds and corrections of erroneously collected tax revenue are treated as negative revenue.
PUBLIC FINANCE Total Tax Revenue, Share in Government Revenues Percentages Total Tax Revenue, Share in Government Revenues gives the percentage of total tax revenue in total government revenues.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION Articles Published Number Number of scientific articles published in journals covered by Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), and Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI).
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION GERD as a percentage of GDP Percentages Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) as a percentage of GDP is the total intramural expenditure on R&D performed expressed as a percentage of GDP of the national territory or region.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION GERD in '000 current PPP$ US Dollars Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) is the total intramural expenditure on R&D performed in the national territory during a given period, expressed in Purchasing Power Parity dollars. It includes R&D performed within a country and funded from abroad but excludes payments for R&D performed abroad.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION GERD per capita (in current PPP$) US Dollars Total domestic intramural expenditure on R&D during a given period per inhabitant (using mid-year population as reference).
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION High-Technology Exports US Dollars High-technology exports are products with high R&D intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION Patent Applications by Filing Office Number Patent application is a formal request for IP rights at an IP office, whereupon the office examines the application and decides whether to grant or refuse protection. Application also refers to a set of documents submitted to an office by the applicant. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION Patent Grants by Filing Office Number Patent grant is an exclusive IP right conferred to an applicant by an IP office. For example, patents are granted to applicants (assignees) to make use of and exploit an invention for a limited period of time. The holder of the rights can prevent unauthorized use of the invention.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION Researchers (FTE) - Total Number Professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, as well as in the management of these projects.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION Researchers (HC) - % Female Percentages Female professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, as well as in the management of these projects.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY and INNOVATION Researchers (HC) - Total Number Professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, as well as in the management of these projects.
TOBACCO CONTROL Export Quantity, Tobacco (total) Tonnes Any of a genus of plants, Nicotiana, cultivated for their leaves. Tobacco is consumed primarily through smoking, and less extensively through chewing or sniffing. N. tabacum is by far, the most important species. The main active element of tobacco leaves is alkaloid nicotine, a highly toxic substance. Quantity indices for the aggregate agricultural and aggregate food products represent the changes in the price-weighted sum of quantities of products traded between countries. The weights are the unit value averages of 1989-1991. The formulas used are of the Laspeyres type.Nicotiana tabacum.
TOBACCO CONTROL Export Value, Tobacco (total) Thousand USD Any of a genus of plants, Nicotiana, cultivated for their leaves. Tobacco is consumed primarily through smoking, and less extensively through chewing or sniffing. N. tabacum is by far, the most important species. The main active element of tobacco leaves is alkaloid nicotine, a highly toxic substance. Value indices represent the change in the current values of Export f.o.b (free on board) all expressed in US dollars.
TOBACCO CONTROL Import Quantity, Tobacco (total) Tonnes Any of a genus of plants, Nicotiana, cultivated for their leaves. Tobacco is consumed primarily through smoking, and less extensively through chewing or sniffing. N. tabacum is by far, the most important species. The main active element of tobacco leaves is alkaloid nicotine, a highly toxic substance. Quantity indices for the aggregate agricultural and aggregate food products represent the changes in the price-weighted sum of quantities of products traded between countries. The weights are the unit value averages of 1989-1991. The formulas used are of the Laspeyres type.
TOBACCO CONTROL Import Value, Tobacco (total) Thousand USD Any of a genus of plants, Nicotiana, cultivated for their leaves. Tobacco is consumed primarily through smoking, and less extensively through chewing or sniffing. N. tabacum is by far, the most important species. The main active element of tobacco leaves is alkaloid nicotine, a highly toxic substance. Value indices represent the change in the current values of Import c.i.f. (cost, insurance and freight) all expressed in US dollars. For countries which report import values on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis, these are adjusted to approximate c.i.f. values (by a standard factor of 112 percent). Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Anti-tobacco mass media campaigns Numeric Value The implementation status of the Anti-tobacco mass media measure was classified by grouping countries into five groups. The groups for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported 2 = No national campaign conducted in the reporting period with a duration of at least three weeks 3 = National campaign conducted wih 1-4 appropriate characteristics* 4 = National campaign conducted wih 5-6 appropriate characteristics*, or with 7 characteristics excluding airing on TV and/or radio 5 = National campaign conducted with at least 7 appropriate characteristics* including airing on TV and/or radio. * Characteristics of a high-quality campaign are: • the campaign was part of a tobacco control programme; • before the campaign, research was undertaken or reviewed to gain a thorough understanding of the target audience; • campaign communications materials were pretested with the target audience and refined in line with campaign objectives; • air time (radio, television) and/or placement (billboards, print advertising, etc.) was obtained by purchasing or securing it using either the organization’s own internal resources or an external media planner or agency (this information indicates whether the campaign adopted a thorough media planning and buying process to effectively and efficiently reach its target audience); • the implementing agency worked with journalists to gain publicity or news coverage for the campaign; • process evaluation was undertaken to assess how effectively the campaign had been implemented; and • an outcome evaluation process was implemented to assess the campaign impact.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Enforce bans on tobacco advertising Numeric Value Country's legislation is assessed to determine whether all or any forms of tobacco advertising promotion and sposorship are banned. The groupings for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported 2 = Complete absence of ban, or ban that does not cover national television (TV), radio and print media 3 = Ban on national TV, radio and print media only 4 = Ban on national TV, radio and print media as well as on some but not all other forms of direct* and/or indirect** advertising 5 = Ban on all forms of direct* and indirect** advertising. * Direct advertising bans: • national television and radio; • local magazines and newspapers; • billboards and outdoor advertising; • point of sale. ** Indirect advertising bans: • free distribution of tobacco products in the mail or through other means; • promotional discounts; • non-tobacco products identified with tobacco brand names (brand extension); • brand names of non-tobacco products used for tobacco products; • appearance of tobacco products in television and/or films; • sponsored events.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Monitor Numeric Value The implementation status of the Monitoring measure was classified by grouping countries into four groups. The groups for this indicator are: 1 = No known data or no recent* data or data that are not both recent* and representative** 2 = Recent* and representative** data for either adults or youth 3 = Recent* and representative** data for both adults and youth 4 = Recent*, representative** and periodic*** data for both adults and youth * Recent means in the data year or the 5 years previous to the data year. ** Survey sample representative of the national population. *** Survey repeated at least every five years. Survey is considered an “adult survey” if it is a household survey sampled from the general population with respondent ages not limited to those under 15.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Offer Help to Quit Tobacco Use Numeric Value Information from countries on the availability and non-availability of particular tobacco cessation aids is assessed to determine the comparative level of assistance countries provide to help tobacco users quit. The groupings for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported 2 = None 3 = NRT* and/or some cessation services** (neither cost-covered) 4 = NRT* and/or some cessation services** (at least one of which is cost-covered) 5 = National quit line, and both NRT* and some cessation services** cost-covered * Nicotine replacement therapy. ** Smoking cessation support available in any of the following places: health clinics or other primary care facilities, hospitals, office of a health professional, the community.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Protect from Tobacco Smoke Numeric Value Country's legislation is assessed to determine whether smoke-free laws exist in each of the following places at either the national or subnational level: • health-care facilities; • educational facilities other than universities; • universities; • government facilities; • indoor offices; • restaurants; • pubs and bars; • public transport. The implementation status of the Smoke-free environments measure was classified by grouping countries into five groups. The groupings for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported/not categorized* 2 = Up to two public places completely smoke-free 3 = Three to five public places completely smoke-free 4 = Six to seven public places completely smoke-free 6 = All public places completely smoke-free (or at least 90% of the population covered by complete subnational smoke-free legislation) *In several countries, in order to significantly expand the creation of smoke-free places, including restaurants and bars, it was politically necessary to include exceptions to the law that allowed for the provision of designated smoking rooms. The requirements for designated smoking rooms are so technically complex and stringent that, for practical purposes, few or no establishments are expected to implement them. Because no data were requested on the number of complex designated smoking rooms actually constructed, it is not possible to know whether these laws have resulted in the complete absence of such rooms, as intended. For this reason, these few countries have not been categorized in the analyses for this indicator.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Raise Taxes on Tobacco Numeric Value Country-provided information on taxes and prices is assessed to yield indicators to describe the comparative level of taxes on tobacco products in countries. Taxes assessed include excise tax, value added tax (“VAT”), import duty (when the cigarettes were imported) and any other taxes levied. Only the price of the most popular brand of cigarettes is considered. In the case of countries where different levels of taxes applied to cigarettes are based on either length, quantity produced or type (e.g. filter vs. non-filter), only the rate that applied to the most popular brand is used in the calculation. Given the lack of information on country and brand-specific profit margins of retailers and wholesalers, their profits were assumed to be zero (unless provided by the national data collector). The implementation status of the Raise tobacco taxes measure was classified by grouping countries into five groups. The groupings for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported 2 = ≤ 25% of retail price is tax 3 = 26–50% of retail price is tax 4 = 51–75% of retail price is tax 5 = >75% of retail price is tax.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Warn about the dangers of tobacco Numeric Value Country's legislation is assessed to determine whether health warnings with specific criteria are mandated. The groupings for this indicator are: 1: Data not reported 2: No warning or warning covering <30% of pack surface 3: ≥30%* but no pictures or pictograms and/or other appropriate characteristics** 4: 31%–49%* including pictures or pictograms and other appropriate characteristics** 5: ≥50%* including pictures or pictograms and appropriate characteristics**
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevalence Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Youth, Both Sexes Percentages The youth prevalence rate, expressed as a percentage of the total youth population aged 13 - 15, refers to the number of current users of any tobacco product per 100 of the youth population (aged 13 - 15). When this prevalence rate is multiplied by the youth population (aged 13 - 15), the result is an estimate of the number of current users of any tobacco product aged 13 - 15 in the country. Current users of any tobacco product are defined as those that consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once during the last 30 days prior to the survey.
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevalence Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Youth, Male Percentages The youth prevalence rate, expressed as a percentage of the total youth population aged 13 - 15, refers to the number of current users of any tobacco product per 100 of the youth population (aged 13 - 15). When this prevalence rate is multiplied by the youth population (aged 13 - 15), the result is an estimate of the number of current users of any tobacco product aged 13 - 15 in the country.  Current users of any tobacco product are defined as those that consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once during the last 30 days prior to the survey.
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevalence Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Youth,Female Percentages The youth prevalence rate, expressed as a percentage of the total youth population aged 13 - 15, refers to the number of current users of any tobacco product per 100 of the youth population (aged 13 - 15). When this prevalence rate is multiplied by the youth population (aged 13 - 15), the result is an estimate of the number of current users of any tobacco product aged 13 - 15 in the country.  Current users of any tobacco product are defined as those that consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once during the last 30 days prior to the survey.
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevelance Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Adult, Both Sexes Percentages Current smoking of any tobacco product prevalence estimates, resulting from the latest adult tobacco use survey (or survey which asks tobacco use questions), which have been adjusted according to the WHO regression method for standardising described in the Method of Estimation below. "Tobacco smoking" includes cigarettes, cigars, pipes or any other smoked tobacco products. “Current smoking” includes both daily and non-daily or occasional smoking.
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevelance Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Adult, Female Percentages Current smoking of any tobacco product prevalence estimates, resulting from the latest adult tobacco use survey (or survey which asks tobacco use questions), which have been adjusted according to the WHO regression method for standardising described in the Method of Estimation below.  "Tobacco smoking" includes cigarettes, cigars, pipes or any other smoked tobacco products. “Current smoking” includes both daily and non-daily or occasional smoking.
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevelance Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Adult, Male Percentages Current smoking of any tobacco product prevalence estimates, resulting from the latest adult tobacco use survey (or survey which asks tobacco use questions), which have been adjusted according to the WHO regression method for standardising described in the Method of Estimation below.  "Tobacco smoking" includes cigarettes, cigars, pipes or any other smoked tobacco products. “Current smoking” includes both daily and non-daily or occasional smoking.
TOBACCO CONTROL Unmanufactured Tobacco, Area Harvested Thousand Hectares Data refer to the area from which a crop is gathered. Area harvested, therefore, excludes the area from which, although sown or planted, there was no harvest due to damage, failure, etc. It is usually net for temporary crops and some times gross for permanent crops. Nicotiana tabacum. Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
TOBACCO CONTROL Unmanufactured Tobacco, Production Tonnes Figures relate to the total domestic production whether inside or outside the agricultural sector, i.e. it includes non-commercial production and production from kitchen gardens. Unless otherwise indicated, production is reported at the farm level for crop (i.e. excluding harvesting losses). Nicotiana tabacum. Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
TOBACCO CONTROL Unmanufactured Tobacco, Yield Hectogram / Hectare Harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. Nicotiana tabacum. Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
TOURISM Balance of Foreign Travel Million USD Calculated by subtracting the Tourism Expenditures from the Tourism Receipts.
TOURISM Balance of International Tourism as % of GDP Percentages An indicator used for measuring the net contribution of the international tourism sector to the economy of a country evaluated by relating the balance of international tourism as a percentage of the GDP.
TOURISM International Tourism Receipts as % of Exports Percentages An indicator used or measuring the role of international tourism activity as a source of foreign exchange evaluated by relating the international tourism receipts as a percentage of the total merchandise exports.
TOURISM Intra-OIC Tourist Arrivals Thousands An indicator used to measure the arrivals of tourist in OIC member countries from other OIC member countries.
TOURISM Number of Tourist Arrivals Thousands Every person visiting another country than the one originaly living in for any other reason than remuneration.
TOURISM Tourism Expenditures Million USD The expenditure on tourism outside their country of residence made by visitors (same-day visitors and tourists) from a given country of origin.
TOURISM Tourism Receipts Million USD The receipts earned by a destination country from inbound tourism and cover all tourism receipts resulting from expenditure made by visitors from abroad, on for instance lodging, food and drinks, fuel, transport in the country, entertainment, shopping, etc.
TRADE Exports of Goods and Services (% of GDP) Percentages The share of Exports of Goods and Services in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), expressed in percentage.
TRADE Exports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) Percentages Annual growth rate of Exports of Goods and Services based on constant national currency.
TRADE Exports of Goods and Services in National Currency Million National Currency Units Exports of Goods and Services consist of sales, barter, or gifts or grants, of goods and services from residents to non-residents. Expressed in national currency at current prices.
TRADE Exports of Goods and Services in USD Million USD Exports of Goods and Services consist of sales, barter, or gifts or grants, of goods and services from residents to non-residents. Expressed in USD at current prices.
TRADE Fuel Exports (% of Merchandise Exports) Percentages The share of fuel exports in the merchandise exports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Fuel Imports (% of Merchandise Imports) Percentages The share of fuel imports in the merchandise imports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Imports of Goods and Services (% of GDP) Percentages The share of Imports of Goods and Services in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), expressed in percentage.
TRADE Imports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) Percentages Annual growth rate of Imports of Goods and Services based on constant national currency.
TRADE Imports of Goods and Services in National Currency Million National Currency Units Imports of Goods and Services consist of purchases, barter, or receipts of gifts or grants, of goods and services by residents from non- residents. Expressed in national currency at current prices.
TRADE Imports of Goods and Services in USD Million USD Imports of Goods and Services consist of purchases, barter, or receipts of gifts or grants, of goods and services by residents from non- residents. Expressed in USD at current prices.
TRADE Intra-OIC Merchandise Exports Million USD Merchandise exports of a country to the OIC member countries.
TRADE Intra-OIC Merchandise Exports (% of Merchandise Exports) Percentages Merchandise exports of a country to the OIC member countries, expressed as a percentage of its total merchandise exports.
TRADE Intra-OIC Merchandise Imports Million USD Merchandise imports of a country from the OIC member countries.
TRADE Intra-OIC Merchandise Imports (% of Merchandise Imports) Percentages Merchandise imports of a country from the OIC member countries, expressed as a percentage of its total merchandise imports.
TRADE Manufactures Exports (% of Merchandise Exports) Percentages The share of manufactures exports in the merchandise exports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Manufactures Imports (% of Merchandise Imports) Percentages The share of manufactures imports in the merchandise imports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Merchandise Exports Million USD Merchandise exports show the f.o.b. value of goods provided to the rest of the world.
TRADE Merchandise Imports Million USD Merchandise imports show the c.i.f. value of goods received from the rest of the world.
TRADE Non-Fuel Primary Goods Exports (% of Merchandise Exports) Percentages The share of non-fuel primary commodities in the merchandise exports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Non-Fuel Primary Goods Imports (% of Merchandise Imports) Percentages The share of non-fuel primary commodities in the merchandise imports of the country, expressed in percentage.
WATER Agricultural Water Managed Area, Total Thousand Hectares Sum of total area equipped for irrigation and areas with other forms of agricultural water management (non-equipped flood recession cropping area and non-equipped cultivated wetlands and inland valley bottoms).
WATER Area Equipped For Irrigation Full Control, Total Thousand Hectares The sum of surface irrigation, sprinkler irrigation and localized irrigation.
WATER Area Equipped For Irrigation, Total Thousand Hectares Area equipped to provide water (via irrigation) to crops. It includes areas equipped for full/partial control irrigation, equipped lowland areas, and areas equipped for spate irrigation.
WATER Average Precipitation in Depth mm / year Long-term average (over space and time) of annual endogenous precipitation (produced in the country) in depth.
WATER Average Precipitation in Volume 109 m3 / year Long-term average (over space and time) of annual endogenous precipitation (produced in the country) in volume.
WATER Dam Capacity, Total Km3 Total cumulative storage capacity of all dams in each country. The value indicates the sum of the theoretical initial capacities of all dams, which does not change with time. The amount of water stored within any dam is likely less than the capacity due to silting. Data on small dams may not be included, although their aggregate storage capacity is generally not significant. Detailed information on dams can be accessed in regional geo-referenced dam databases on http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/dams/index.stm.
WATER Dependency Ratio Percentages Indicator expressing the percent of total renewable water resources originating outside the country. This indicator may theoretically vary between 0% and 100%. A country with a dependency ratio equal to 0% does not receive any water from neighbouring countries. A country with a dependency ratio equal to 100% receives all its renewable water from upstream countries, without producing any of its own. This indicator does not consider the possible allocation of water to downstream countries.
WATER Desalinated Water Produced 109 m3 / year Water produced annually by desalination of brackish or salt water. It is estimated annually on the basis of the total capacity of water desalination installations.
WATER Groundwater: Total Renewable 109 m3 / year This is the sum of the internal renewable groundwater resources and the total external actual renewable groundwater resources. In general natural and actual external (entering) renewable groundwater resources are considered to be the same.
WATER Surface Water: Total Renewable 109 m3 / year This is the sum of the internal renewable surface water resources and the total external actual renewable surface water resources.
WATER Wastewater, Produced, Volume 109 m3 / year Annual quantity of wastewater generated in the country, in other words, the quantity of water that has been polluted by adding waste. The origin can be domestic use (used water from bathing, sanitary, cooking, etc.) or industrial wastewater routed to the wastewater treatment plant. It does not include agricultural drainage water, which is the water withdrawn for agriculture but not consumed and returned to the system.
WATER Wastewater, Treated, Reused 109 m3 / year Quantity of treated wastewater which is reused in a given year. Wastewater treatment is the process to render wastewater fit to meet applicable environmental standards for recycling or reuse.
WATER Wastewater, Treated, Volume 109 m3 / year Quantity of generated wastewater that is treated in a given year and discharged from treatment plants (effluent). Wastewater treatment is the process to render wastewater fit to meet applicable environmental standards for discharge. Three broad phases of traditional treatment can be distinguished: primary, secondary and tertiary treatment. Discharge standards vary significantly from country to country, and therefore so do the phases of treatment. For purposes of calculating the total amount of treated waste water, volumes and loads reported should be shown only under the ""highest"" type of treatment to which it was subjected.
WATER Water Resources: Total External Renewable 109 m3 / year Actual External Renewable Water Resources (ERWR_actual): That part of the country's annual renewable water resources that are not generated in the country. It includes inflows from upstream countries (groundwater and surface water), and part of the water of border lakes and/or rivers. Contrary to natural external renewable water resources (i.e. the situation without human influence), ERWR_actual take into account the quantity of flow reserved by upstream (incoming flow) and/or downstream (outflow) countries through formal or informal agreements or treaties, and possible water abstraction occurring in the upstream countries. Therefore, it may vary with time. In extreme cases, it may be negative when the flow reserved to downstream countries is more than the incoming flow. The rules applied for computing ERWR are given in Box 6 (page 15) of FAO Water Report 23. 2003. Review of world water resources by country (http://www.fao.org/ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/reports/index2.stm).
WATER Water Resources: Total Internal Renewable 109 m3 / year Internal Renewable Water Resources (IRWR): Long-term average annual flow of rivers and recharge of aquifers generated from endogenous precipitation. Double counting of surface water and groundwater resources is avoided by deducting the overlap from the sum of the surface water and groundwater resources.
WATER Water Resources: Total Renewable 109 m3 / year Total Actual Renewable Water Resources (TRWR_actual): The sum of internal renewable water resources (IRWR) and external actual renewable water resources (ERWR_actual). It corresponds to the maximum theoretical yearly amount of water actually available for a country at a given moment.
WATER Water Resources: Total Renewable Per Capita m3 / inhab / yr Total annual actual renewable water resources per inhabitant
WATER Water Withdrawal, Agriculture, % of Total Percentages Agricultural water withdrawal as percentage of total water withdrawal. Agricultural water withdrawal includes annual quantity of water withdrawn for irrigation, livestock and aquaculture purposes. It also includes renewable freshwater resources as well as over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater, use of agricultural drainage water, (treated) wastewater and desalinated water.
WATER Water Withdrawal, Groundwater 109 m3 / year Annual gross amount of water extracted from aquifers. It includes withdrawal of renewable groundwater, water extracted from deep fossil aquifers (non-renewable water) and potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater.
WATER Water Withdrawal, Industrial, % of Total Percentages Industrial water withdrawal as percentage of total water withdrawal. Annual quantity of water withdrawn for industrial uses includes renewable water resources as well as potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater and potential use of desalinated water or treated wastewater. This sector refers to self-supplied industries not connected to the public distribution network. The ratio between net consumption and withdrawal is estimated at less than 5%. It includes water for the cooling of thermoelectric plants, but it does not include hydropower.
WATER Water Withdrawal, Municipal, % of Total Percentages Municipal water withdrawal as percentage of total water withdrawal. Annual quantity of water withdrawn primarily for the direct use by the population includes renewable freshwater resources as well as potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater and the potential use of desalinated water or treated wastewater. It is usually computed as the total water withdrawn by the public distribution network. It can include that part of the industries, which is connected to the municipal network. The ratio between the net consumption and the water withdrawn can vary from 5 to 15% in urban areas and from 10 to 50% in rural areas.
WATER Water Withdrawal, Per Capita m3 / inhab / yr Total annual amount of water withdrawn per capita
WATER Water Withdrawal, Surface water 109 m3 / year Annual gross amount of water extracted from renewable surface water resources such as rivers, lakes and reservoirs. It includes withdrawal of primary renewable surface water resources and secondary freshwater sources (water previously withdrawn and returned).
WATER Water Withdrawal, Total 109 m3 / year Annual quantity of water withdrawn for agricultural, industrial and municipal purposes. It includes renewable freshwater resources as well as potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater and potential use of desalinated water or treated wastewater. It does not include in stream uses, which are characterized by a very low net consumption rate, such as recreation, navigation, hydropower, inland capture fisheries, etc.