OIC Member States in Figures --> Islamic State of Afghanistan

Islamic State of Afghanistan

Location and Geography

Afghanistan is located in Central Asia. It has borders with Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan in the North, China in the North-east, Pakistan in the East and South, and Iran in the West. The country is split from East to West by the Hindu Kush mountain range culminating in the East to the height of 7315 m. With the exception of the South-west regions, most of the country’s landscape is dominated by high snow-capped mountains and traversed by deep valleys. The principal rivers drain to the South-west into the Helmand and Arghandab valleys and then into the desert. The country has a typical continental dry climate, characterised by seasonal and daily extremes of temperature and clearly defined seasons. Winters are cold and summers are very hot.