OIC Member States in Figures --> Sultanate of Oman

Sultanate of Oman

Location and Geography

Oman is located on the South-eastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in the West, Yemen in the South, the Strait of Hormuz in the North and the Arabian Sea in the East. Oman has three distinct topographical features. The first consists of two flat, relatively fertile coastal strips: one in the North stretching from Muscat to the border with the UAE, and the other surrounding the Southern coastal town of Salalah. The second feature includes two mountainous regions: one in the North and the other bordering the Salalah plain in the South. The third feature is a sandy wasteland along the border with Saudi Arabia. Oman has no arable land or permanent crops. The climate is one of the hottest in the world with limited rainfall and high humidity.