SESRIC



List of Statistical Indicators of the OICStat Statistics Database

Total Number of Indicators: 493
Category Indicator Name Unit Explanation
AGRICULTURE Agricultural Area Thousand Hectares Agricultural area, is the sum of areas under a) arable land (b) permanent crops (c) permanent meadows and pastures.
AGRICULTURE Arable Land Area Thousand Hectares Arable land refers to land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted only once), temporary meadows for mowing or pasture, land under market and kitchen gardens and land temporarily fallow (less than five years). The abandoned land resulting from shifting cultivation is not included. Data for arable land is not meant to indicate the amount of land that is potentially cultivable.
AGRICULTURE Arable Land, % of Land Area Percentage Share of arable land in total land area.
AGRICULTURE Area Harvested, Cereals Square Kilometres Data refer to the area from which a crop is gathered. Area harvested, therefore, excludes the area from which, although sown or planted, there was no harvest due to damage, failure, etc. It is usually net for temporary crops and some times gross for permanent crops. Net area differs from gross area insofar as the latter includes uncultivated patches, footpaths, ditches, headlands, shoulders, shelterbelts, etc.If the crop under consideration is harvested more than once during the year as a consequence of successive cropping (i.e. the same crop is sown or planted more than once in the same field during the year), the area is counted as many times as harvested. On the contrary, area harvested will be recorded only once in the case of successive gathering of the crop during the year from the same standing crops. With regard to mixed and associated crops, the area sown relating to each crop should be reported separately. When the mixture refers to particular crops, generally grains, it is recommended to treat the mixture as if it were a single crop; therefore, area sown is recorded only for the crop reported.
AGRICULTURE Area Harvested, Fruits excluding Melons Square Kilometres Data on fruits excluding melons, area harvested refer to the area from which Fruit, citrus nes; Fruit, fresh nes; Fruit, pome nes; Fruit, stone nes; and Fruit, tropical fresh nes are gathered. Area harvested, therefore, excludes the area from which, although sown or planted, there was no harvest due to damage, failure, etc. It is usually net for temporary crops and some times gross for permanent crops. Net area differs from gross area insofar as the latter includes uncultivated patches, footpaths, ditches, headlands, shoulders, shelterbelts, etc. If the crop under consideration is harvested more than once during the year as a consequence of successive cropping (i.e. the same crop is sown or planted more than once in the same field during the year), the area is counted as many times as harvested. On the contrary, area harvested will be recorded only once in the case of successive gathering of the crop during the year from the same standing crops. With regard to mixed and associated crops, the area sown relating to each crop should be reported separately. When the mixture refers to particular crops, generally grains, it is recommended to treat the mixture as if it were a single crop; therefore, area sown is recorded only for the crop reported.
AGRICULTURE Area Harvested, Vegetables and Melons Square Kilometres Data on vegetables&melons, area harvested refer to the area from which vegetables, fresh nes and vegetables, leguminous nes are gathered. Area harvested, therefore, excludes the area from which, although sown or planted, there was no harvest due to damage, failure, etc. It is usually net for temporary crops and some times gross for permanent crops. Net area differs from gross area insofar as the latter includes uncultivated patches, footpaths, ditches, headlands, shoulders, shelterbelts, etc. If the crop under consideration is harvested more than once during the year as a consequence of successive cropping (i.e. the same crop is sown or planted more than once in the same field during the year), the area is counted as many times as harvested. On the contrary, area harvested will be recorded only once in the case of successive gathering of the crop during the year from the same standing crops. With regard to mixed and associated crops, the area sown relating to each crop should be reported separately. When the mixture refers to particular crops, generally grains, it is recommended to treat the mixture as if it were a single crop; therefore, area sown is recorded only for the crop reported.
AGRICULTURE Fertilizer Use Tonnes Fertilizer consumption refers to the total amount of fertilizers used. This is obtained by adding the volumes of nitrogenous, phosphate and potash fertilizers expressed in terms of plant nutrients (N, P2O5 and K2O).
AGRICULTURE Fish Catches Tonnes Includes the fishing in the country as well as in the ocean.
AGRICULTURE Food and Animal, Export Value Thousand USD Value of agricultural exports are expressed in thousand US dollars in the FAOSTAT database. Export values are reported as FOB (free on board—that is, the value of the goods plus the value of the services performed to deliver the goods to the border of the exporting country).
AGRICULTURE Food and Animal, Import Value Thousand USD Value of agricultural imports are expressed in thousand US dollars in the FAOSTAT database. Import values are reported as CIF (cost insurance and freight—that is, the value of the goods, plus the value of the services performed to deliver goods to the border of the exporting country, plus the value of the services performed to deliver the good from the border of the exporting country to the border of the importing country).
AGRICULTURE Forest Area Square Kilometres Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.
AGRICULTURE Forest Area, % of Land Area Percentage Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems (for example, in fruit plantations and agroforestry systems) and trees in urban parks and gardens.
AGRICULTURE Land Area Square Kilometres Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
AGRICULTURE Nitrogen Fertilizers (N total Nutrients) Tonnes Total nitrogen (N) from all fertilizer products.
AGRICULTURE Permanent Crops Thousand Hectares Permanent crops refer to the land cultivated with long-term crops which do not have to be replanted for several years (such as cocoa and coffee); land under trees and shrubs producing flowers, such as roses and jasmine; fruit trees; nut trees; vines and nurseries (except those for forest trees, which should be classified under "forest" and trees grown for wood or timber).
AGRICULTURE Permanent Meadows and Pastures Thousand Hectares Permanent meadows and pastures refer to the land used permanently (five years or more) to grow herbaceous forage crops, either cultivated or growing wild (wild prairie or grazing land).
AGRICULTURE Phosphate Fertilizers (P2O5 total Nutrients) Tonnes Total phosphate (P2O5) from all fertilizer products.
AGRICULTURE Potash Fertilizers (K2O total Nutrients) Tonnes Total potash (K2O) from all fertilizer products.
AGRICULTURE Production of Barley Tonnes Hordeum spp.: two-row barley (H. disticum) six-row barley (H. hexasticum) four-row barley (H. vulgare). Tolerates poorer soils and lower temperatures better than does wheat. Varieties include with husk and without (naked). Used as a livestock feed, for malt and for preparing foods. The roasted grains are a coffee substitute.
AGRICULTURE Production of Barley, per Person Kilograms Total quantity of barley production per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Cereals Tonnes Includes only the cereals collected for dry grain.
AGRICULTURE Production of Cereals per Person Kilograms Quantity of cereal produced per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Cotton 1000 480 lb. Bales The amount of lint produced from harvested seed cotton.
AGRICULTURE Production of Cotton per Person Kilograms Quantity of lint produced from harvested seed cotton per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Fruits Tonnes Total quantity of fruits produced.
AGRICULTURE Production of Fruits per Person Kilograms Quantity of fruits produced per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Maize Tonnes Zea mays Corn, Indian corn, mealies. A grain with a high germ content. At the national level, hybrid and ordinary maize should be reported separately owing to widely different yields and uses. Used largely for animal feed and commercial starch production.
AGRICULTURE Production of Maize, per Person Kilograms Total quantity of maize production per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Meat Tonnes Meat of animals slaughtered in the national borders, independant of their origin.
AGRICULTURE Production of Meat per Person Kilograms Quantity of meat produced per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Millet Tonnes Including inter alia: barnyard or Japanese millet (Echinocloa frumentacea); ragi, finger or African millet (Eleusine coracana); teff (Eragrostis abyssinica); common, golden or proso millet (Panicum miliaceum); koda or ditch millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum); pearl or cattail millet (Pennisetum glaucum); foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Small-grained cereals that include a large number of different botanical species. Originated by the domestication of wild African grasses in the Nile valley and the Sahel zone, millets were subsequently taken to China and India. These cereals tolerate arid conditions and possess a small, highly nutritious grain that stores well. Used locally, both as a food and as a livestock feed. In all areas where they are cultivated, millets are used in traditional beer brewing. Also used as a feed for birds.
AGRICULTURE Production of Millet, per Person Kilograms Total quantity of millet production per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Paddy Rice Tonnes Oryza spp., mainly oryza sativa. Rice grain after threshing and winnowing. Also known as rice in the husk and rough rice. Used mainly for human food.
AGRICULTURE Production of Paddy Rice, per Person Kilograms Total quantity of (paddy) rice production per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Sorghum Tonnes Sorghum spp.: guinea corn (S. guineense); common, milo, feterita, kaffir corn (S. vulgare); durra, jowar, kaoliang (S. dura). A cereal that has both food and feed uses. Sorghum is a major food grain in most of Africa, where it is also used in traditional beer brewing. It is desirable to report hybrid and other varieties separately.
AGRICULTURE Production of Sorghum, per Person Kilograms Total quantity of sorghum production per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Vegetables Tonnes Total quantity of vegetables produced.
AGRICULTURE Production of Vegetables per Person Kilograms Quantity of vegetables produced per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Production of Wheat Tonnes Triticum spp.: common (T. aestivum) durum (T. durum) spelt (T. spelta). Common and durum wheat are the main types. Among common wheat, the main varieties are spring and winter, hard and soft, and red and white. At the national level, different varieties should be reported separately, reflecting their different uses. Used mainly for human food.
AGRICULTURE Production of Wheat, per Person Kilograms Total quantity of wheat production per inhabitant.
AGRICULTURE Surface Area Square Kilometres Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.
DEMOGRAPHY Crude Birth Rate Per Thousand Persons Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear.
DEMOGRAPHY Crude Death Rate Per Thousand Persons Crude death rate indicates the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population estimated at midyear.
DEMOGRAPHY Fertility Rate Births per Woman Total fertility rate represents the number of children that would be born to a woman if she were to live to the end of her childbearing years and bear children in accordance with current age-specific fertility rates.
DEMOGRAPHY Growth Rate of Population, Annual Percentage Annual population growth rate. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin.
DEMOGRAPHY Growth Rate of Population, Natural Percentage Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the population growth in the absence of migration.
DEMOGRAPHY International Migrant Stock (% of Population) Percentage International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country.
DEMOGRAPHY International Migrant Stock, Total Thousands International migrant stock is the number of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses. The estimates are derived from the data on foreign-born population--people who have residence in one country but were born in another country.
DEMOGRAPHY Life Expectancy at Birth, Female Years Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn female infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
DEMOGRAPHY Life Expectancy at Birth, Male Years Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn male infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
DEMOGRAPHY Life Expectancy at Birth, Total Years Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.
DEMOGRAPHY Migration, Total Thousands The total migration originated from the country based on the global matrices of bilateral migrant stocks.
DEMOGRAPHY Number of Households Number A household consists of all persons—related family members and all unrelated persons—who occupy a housing unit and have no other usual address. A house, an apartment, a group of rooms, or a single room is regarded as a housing unit when occupied or intended for occupancy as separate living quarters. A householder is the person (or one of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. The term is never applied to either husbands or wives in married-couple families but relates only to persons in families maintained by either men or women without a spouse.
DEMOGRAPHY Population Density Persons per Square Kilometre Population density is midyear population divided by land area in square kilometers. Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. Land area is a country's total area, excluding area under inland water bodies, national claims to continental shelf, and exclusive economic zones. In most cases the definition of inland water bodies includes major rivers and lakes.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 0-14 Number Population between the ages 0 to 14 as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 0-14, % of Total Percentage Population between the ages 0 to 14 as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 15-64 Number Population ages 15 to 64 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 15 to 64. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 15-64, % of Total Percentage Population ages 15 to 64 is the percentage of the total population that is in the age group 15 to 64. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 65+ Number Population ages 65 and above as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Ages 65+, % of Total Percentage Population ages 65 and above as a percentage of the total population. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Female Number Female population is the number of population that is female. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Female, % of Total Percentage Female population is the number of population that is female. Population is based on the de facto definition of population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Rural Number Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Rural, % of Total Percentage Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Total Number Total population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship--except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of their country of origin. The values shown are midyear estimates.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Urban Number Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages.
DEMOGRAPHY Population, Urban, % of total Percentage Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.
DEMOGRAPHY Refugee Population by Country or Territory of Asylum Number Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of asylum is the country where an asylum claim was filed and granted.
DEMOGRAPHY Refugee Population by Country or Territory of Origin Number Refugees are people who are recognized as refugees under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees or its 1967 Protocol, the 1969 Organization of African Unity Convention Governing the Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa, people recognized as refugees in accordance with the UNHCR statute, people granted refugee-like humanitarian status, and people provided temporary protection. Asylum seekers--people who have applied for asylum or refugee status and who have not yet received a decision or who are registered as asylum seekers--are excluded. Palestinian refugees are people (and their descendants) whose residence was Palestine between June 1946 and May 1948 and who lost their homes and means of livelihood as a result of the 1948 Arab-Israeli conflict. Country of origin generally refers to the nationality or country of citizenship of a claimant.
EDUCATION Education Expenditure, Current, Public , % of Total Public Expenditure on Education Percentage Public current expenditure on education expressed as a percentage of total public expenditure on education (current and capital) in a given financial year. It shows the share of current expenditure within total public expenditure, thereby indicating the pattern of government spending on education in terms of the relative weight between current and capital expenditure.
EDUCATION Enrollment, Pre-Primary Schools Number Total number of full and part time students  enrolled in public and private pre-primary schools.
EDUCATION Enrollment, Primary Schools Number Total number of full and part time students  enrolled in public and private primary schools.
EDUCATION Enrollment, Secondary Schools Number Total number of full and part time students  enrolled in public and private secondary schools.
EDUCATION Enrollment, Tertiary Schools Number Total number of full and part time students  enrolled in public and private tertiary schools.
EDUCATION Government Expenditure on Education, (% of GDP) Percentage Total public expenditure (current and capital) on education expressed as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in a given year. This indicator shows the proportion of a country’s wealth generated during a given year that has been spent by government authorities on education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled girls in primary schools,regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled boys in primary schools,regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled pupils in primary schools,regardless of age, to the population in the theoretical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled girls in pre-primary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theoretical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled boys in pre-primary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theoretical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled pupils in pre-primary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theoretical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled girls in secondary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled boys in secondary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled pupils in secondary schools, regardless of age, to the population in the theroetical age group for this level of education.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled female students of universities,regardless of age, to the theoretical age group of tertiary schools. For tertiary level, the population used is the five-year age group following on from the secondary school leaving age.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled male students of universities,regardless of age, to the theoretical age group of tertiary schools. For tertiary level, the population used is the five-year age group following on from the secondary school leaving age.
EDUCATION Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all the enrolled students of universities,regardless of age, to the theoretical age group of tertiary schools. For tertiary level, the population used is the five-year age group following on from the secondary school leaving age.
EDUCATION Instructors, Tertiary Schools Number Total number of full and part time instructors working in all programmes of public and private tertiary schools.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Adult, Female Percentage Percentage of the female population of 15 years and older that is able to read, write and thus fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Adult, Male Percentage Percentage of the male population of 15 years and older that is able to read, write and thus fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Literacy Rate, Adult, Total Percentage Percentage of the population of 15 years and older that is able to read, write and thus fully participate in the wider society.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Pre- Primary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all boys of the theoretical school-age group for pre-primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all girls of the theoretical school-age group for pre-primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all pupils of the theoretical school-age group for pre-primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all girls of the theoretical school-age group for primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all boys of the theoretical school-age group for primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all pupils of the theoretical school-age group for primary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Female Ratio Ratio of all girls of the theoretical school-age group for secondary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Male Ratio Ratio of all boys of the theoretical school-age group for secondary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Total Ratio Ratio of all pupils of the theoretical school-age group for secondary schools, expressed as a percentage of the total population in that age-group.
EDUCATION Student -Teacher Ratio at Pre-Primary Schools Ratio Average number of pupils (students) per teacher at pre-primary schools in a given school-year, based on headcounts for both pupils and teachers.
EDUCATION Student -Teacher Ratio at Primary Schools Ratio Average number of pupils (students) per teacher at primary schools in a given school-year, based on headcounts for both pupils and teachers
EDUCATION Student -Teacher Ratio at Secondary Schools Ratio Average number of pupils (students) per teacher at secondary schools in a given school-year, based on headcounts for both pupils and teachers
EDUCATION Student-Instructor Ratio at Tertiary Schools Ratio Average number of students per teacher at tertiary schools in a given school-year, based on headcounts for both students and teachers
EDUCATION Teachers, Pre-Primary Schools Number Total number of full and part time teachers working in all programmes of public and private pre-primary schools.
EDUCATION Teachers, Primary Schools Number Total number of full and part time teachers working in all programmes of public and private primary schools.
EDUCATION Teachers, Secondary Schools Number Total number of full and part time teachers working in all programmes of public and private secondary schools.
ENERGY Access to Electricity (% of Population) Percentage Access to electricity is the percentage of population with access to electricity. Electrification data are collected from industry, national surveys and international sources.
ENERGY Access to Electricity, Rural (% of Rural Population) Percentage Access to electricity, rural is the percentage of rural population with access to electricity.
ENERGY Access to Electricity, Urban (% of Urban Population) Percentage Access to electricity, urban is the percentage of urban population with access to electricity.
ENERGY Adjusted Savings: Energy Depletion Current Prices in USD Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers coal, crude oil, and natural gas.
ENERGY Adjusted Savings: Energy Depletion (% of GNI) Percentage Energy depletion is the ratio of the value of the stock of energy resources to the remaining reserve lifetime (capped at 25 years). It covers coal, crude oil, and natural gas.
ENERGY Alternative and Nuclear Energy (% of Total Energy Use) Percentage Clean energy is noncarbohydrate energy that does not produce carbon dioxide when generated. It includes hydropower and nuclear, geothermal, and solar power, among others.
ENERGY Energy Consumption Thousand Metric Tons of Oil Equivalent Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
ENERGY Energy Imports, Net (% of Energy Use) Percentage Net energy imports are estimated as energy use less production, both measured in oil equivalents. A negative value indicates that the country is a net exporter. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
ENERGY Energy Intensity Level of Primary Energy MJ / 2011 PPP USD GDP Energy intensity level of primary energy is the ratio between energy supply and gross domestic product measured at purchasing power parity. Energy intensity is an indication of how much energy is used to produce one unit of economic output. Lower ratio indicates that less energy is used to produce one unit of output.
ENERGY Energy Production Thousand Metric Tons of Oil Equivalent Energy production refers to forms of primary energy--petroleum (crude oil, natural gas liquids, and oil from nonconventional sources), natural gas, solid fuels (coal, lignite, and other derived fuels), and combustible renewables and waste--and primary electricity, all converted into oil equivalents.
ENERGY Energy Use (kg Equivalent) per USD1000 GDP Constant 2005 PPP USD Energy use per GDP (Constant 2005 PPP USD) is the kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use per gross domestic product converted to 2005 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. Energy use refers to use of primary energy before transformation to other end-use fuels, which is equal to indigenous production plus imports and stock changes, minus exports and fuels supplied to ships and aircraft engaged in international transport.
ENERGY GDP per Unit of Energy Use Constant 2011 PPP USD per kg of Oil Equivalent GDP per unit of energy use is the PPP GDP per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to 2011 constant international dollars using purchasing power parity rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
ENERGY GDP per Unit of Energy Use PPP USD per kg of Oil Equivalent GDP per unit of energy use is the PPP GDP per kilogram of oil equivalent of energy use. PPP GDP is gross domestic product converted to current international dollars using purchasing power parity rates based on the 2011 ICP round. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP as a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
ENERGY Production of Crude Oil Thousand Barrels per Day Crude oil is a mineral oil consisting of a mixture of hydrocarbons of natural origin, being yellow to black in colour, of variable density and viscosity. It also includes lease condensate (separator liquids) which are recovered from gaseous hydrocarbons in lease separation facilities.
ENERGY Production of Electricity Billion Kilowatt Hours Production includes the output of electricity plants that are designed to produce electricity only as well as that of combined heat and power plants.
ENERGY Production of Natural Gas, World Marketed Million Standard Cubic Metres Gas consisting essentially of methane, extracts of natural underground deposits.
ENERGY Renewable Electricity Output (% of Total Electricity Output) Percentage Renewable electricity is the share of electrity generated by renewable power plants in total electricity generated by all types of plants.
ENERGY Renewable Energy Consumption (% of Total Final Energy Consumption) Percentage Renewable energy consumption is the share of renewables energy in total final energy consumption.
ENERGY Rents, Coal % of GDP Percentage Coal rents are the difference between the value of both hard and soft coal production at world prices and their total costs of production.
ENVIRONMENT Air Pollution, Mean Annual Exposure Micrograms per Cubic Metre Population-weighted exposure to ambient PM2.5 pollution is defined as the average level of exposure of a nation's population to concentrations of suspended particles measuring less than 2.5 microns in aerodynamic diameter, which are capable of penetrating deep into the respiratory tract and causing severe health damage.
ENVIRONMENT Amphibian Species, Threatened Number The Amphibians are divided between three higher-level ranks or Orders: Gymnophiona, Anura and Caudata, with Anura and Caudata being more closely related to each other than either is to the Gymnophiona. Based on the results of the Global Amphibian Assessment (as of December 2006), the Anura is comprised of the frogs (and their subgroup, the toads), and is by far the largest Order, with 5.208 living species currently recognized. The Caudata (salamanders and newts) contains 535 described living species and is the second largest of the three amphibian Orders, although representing only about 10% of the number of species as frogs. The Gymnophiona (caecilians) is the smallest of the three amphibian Orders (with only 172 described species), even though the group is at least as old as all of the diversity of salamanders and frogs taken together. Because they tend to be rare animals in collections, the taxonomic status of many caecilian species is uncertain. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
ENVIRONMENT Bird Species,Threatened Number Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton. Birds are listed for countries included within their breeding or wintering ranges. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
ENVIRONMENT Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Per Capita Metric Tons Carbon dioxide emmissions per capita are measured as the total amount of carbon dioxide emitted by the country as a consequence of all relevant human (production and consumption) activities, divided by the population of the country.
ENVIRONMENT Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Total Thousand Metric Tonnes Estimates of total carbon dioxide emissions include anthropogenic emissions, less removal by sinks, of carbon dioxide. The term “total” implies that emissions from all national activities are considered. The typical sectors for which carbon dioxide emissions/removals are estimated are energy, industrial processes, agriculture, waste, and the sector of land use, land-use change and forestry.
ENVIRONMENT Fish Species, Threatened Number The term "fish" most precisely describes any non-tetrapod craniate (i.e. an animal with a skull and in most cases a backbone) that has gills throughout life and whose limbs, if any, are in the shape of fins. Unlike groupings such as birds or mammals, fish are not a single clade but a paraphyletic collection of taxa, including hagfishes, lampreys, sharks and rays, ray-finned fish, coelacanths, and lungfish. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. There are still many species that have not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List and therefore their status is not known (i.e., these groups have not yet been completely assessed). Therefore, the figures presented for these groups should be interpreted as the number of species known to be threatened within those species that have been assessed to date, and not as the overall total number of threatened species for each group.
ENVIRONMENT Fungus and Protist Species, Threatened Number A fungus is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms. These organisms are classified as a kingdom, fungi, which is separate from the other eukaryotic life kingdoms of plants and animals. A protist is any eukaryotic organism (one with cells containing a nucleus) that is not an animal, plant or fungus. The protists do not form a natural group, or clade, since they exclude certain eukaryotes; but, like algae or invertebrates, they are often grouped together for convenience. In some systems of biological classification, the protists make up a kingdom called Protista, composed of "organisms which are unicellular or unicellular-colonial and which form no tissues". Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. There are still many species that have not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List and therefore their status is not known (i.e., these groups have not yet been completely assessed). Therefore, the figures presented for these groups should be interpreted as the number of species known to be threatened within those species that have been assessed to date, and not as the overall total number of threatened species for each group.
ENVIRONMENT Mammal Species, Threatened Number Mammal species are mammals (Vertebrates constituting the class Mammalia, and characterized by the presence of mammary glands which in females produce milk for feeding (nursing) their young, a neocortex (a region of the brain), fur or hair, and three middle ear bones. These characteristics distinguish them from reptiles and birds.) excluding whales and porpoises. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
ENVIRONMENT Mollusc Species, Threatened Number Molluscs are a clade of organisms that all have soft bodies which typically have a "head" and a "foot" region. Often their bodies are covered by a hard exoskeleton, as in the shells of snails and clams or the plates of chitons. It includes such familiar organisms as snails, octopuses, squid, clams, scallops, oysters, and chitons. Mollusca also includes some lesser known groups like the monoplacophorans. There are still many species that have not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List and therefore their status is not known (i.e., these groups have not yet been completely assessed). Therefore, the figures presented for these groups should be interpreted as the number of species known to be threatened within those species that have been assessed to date, and not as the overall total number of threatened species for each group.
ENVIRONMENT Other Invertabrate Species, Threatened Number Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord. This includes all animals apart from the subphylum Vertebrata. Familiar examples of invertebrates include insects; crabs, lobsters and their kin; snails, clams, octopuses and their kin; starfish, sea-urchins and their kin; jellyfish, and worms. There are still many species that have not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List and therefore their status is not known (i.e., these groups have not yet been completely assessed). Therefore, the figures presented for these groups should be interpreted as the number of species known to be threatened within those species that have been assessed to date, and not as the overall total number of threatened species for each group.
ENVIRONMENT Plant Species, Threatened Number Plants are mainly multicellular, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. All current definitions of Plantae exclude the fungi and some algae, as well as the prokaryotes (the archaea and bacteria). Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. There are still many species that have not yet been assessed for the IUCN Red List and therefore their status is not known (i.e., these groups have not yet been completely assessed). Therefore, the figures presented for these groups should be interpreted as the number of species known to be threatened within those species that have been assessed to date, and not as the overall total number of threatened species for each group.
ENVIRONMENT Pollution, Population Exposed to Levels Exceeding WHO Interim Target-1 Value (% of total) Percentage Percent of population exposed to ambient concentrations of PM2.5 that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) Interim Target 1 (IT-1) is defined as the portion of a country’s population living in places where mean annual concentrations of PM2.5 are greater than 35 micrograms per cubic meter. The Air Quality Guideline (AQG) of 10 micrograms per cubic meter is recommended by the WHO as the lower end of the range of concentrations over which adverse health effects due to PM2.5 exposure have been observed.
ENVIRONMENT Pollution, Population Exposed to Levels Exceeding WHO Interim Target-2 Value (% of total) Percentage Percent of population exposed to ambient concentrations of PM2.5 that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) Interim Target 2 (IT-2) is defined as the portion of a country’s population living in places where mean annual concentrations of PM2.5 are greater than 25 micrograms per cubic meter. The Air Quality Guideline (AQG) of 10 micrograms per cubic meter is recommended by the WHO as the lower end of the range of concentrations over which adverse health effects due to PM2.5 exposure have been observed.
ENVIRONMENT Pollution, Population Exposed to Levels Exceeding WHO Interim Target-3 Value (% of total) Percentage Percent of population exposed to ambient concentrations of PM2.5 that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) Interim Target 3 (IT-3) is defined as the portion of a country’s population living in places where mean annual concentrations of PM2.5 are greater than 15 micrograms per cubic meter. The Air Quality Guideline (AQG) of 10 micrograms per cubic meter is recommended by the WHO as the lower end of the range of concentrations over which adverse health effects due to PM2.5 exposure have been observed.
ENVIRONMENT Reptile Species, Threatened Number Reptiles are tetrapod animals in the class Reptilia, comprising today's turtles, crocodilians, snakes, amphisbaenians, lizards, tuatara, and their extinct relatives. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known. There are still many species that have not yet been assessed for theIUCN Red List and therefore their status is not known (i.e., these groups have not yet been completely assessed). Therefore, the figures presented for these groups should be interpreted as the number of species known to be threatened within those species that have been assessed to date, and not as the overall total number of threatened species for each group.
ENVIRONMENT Terrestrial and Marine Protected Areas (% of total territorial area) Percentage Terrestrial protected areas are totally or partially protected areas of at least 1,000 hectares that are designated by national authorities as scientific reserves with limited public access, national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves or wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes, and areas managed mainly for sustainable use.
ENVIRONMENT Terrestrial Protected Areas (% of total land area) Percentage Terrestrial protected areas are totally or partially protected areas of at least 1,000 hectares that are designated by national authorities as scientific reserves with limited public access, national parks, natural monuments, nature reserves or wildlife sanctuaries, protected landscapes, and areas managed mainly for sustainable use.
ENVIRONMENT Total Species, Threatened Number Sum of all threatened species including Amphibians, Birds, Fishes, Fungi and protists, Mammals, Molluscs, Other Invertebrates, Plants, and Reptiles. Threatened species are the number of species classified by the IUCN as endangered, vulnerable, rare, indeterminate, out of danger, or insufficiently known.
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Adult Literacy Rate (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Adult Literacy Rate, Female and Adult Literacy Rate, Male
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Gross Enrolment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of female to male values of Gross Enrolment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools. The GPI measures progress towards gender parity in education participation and/or learning opportunities available for women in relation to those available to men. It also reflects the level of women’s empowerment in society.
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Gross Enrolment Rate in Primary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Female and Gross Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Male
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Gross Enrolment Rate in Secondary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Female and Gross Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Male
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Gross Enrolment Rate in Tertiary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Female and Gross Enrollment Rate in Tertiary Schools, Male
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Labor Force Participation Shares Ratio Ratio of Labor Force Participation Rate, Female (% of Female Population Ages 15-64) and Labor Force Participation Rate, Male (% of Male Population Ages 15-64)
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Labor Force Shares Ratio Ratio of Labor Force, Female, % of Total Labor Force and Labor Force, Male, % of Total Labor Force
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Life Expectancy At Birth (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Life Expectancy at Birth, Female and Life Expectancy at Birth, Male
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Net Enrolment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of female to male values of Net Enrollment Rate in Pre-Primary Schools. The GPI measures progress towards gender parity in education participation and/or learning opportunities available for women in relation to those available to men. It also reflects the level of women’s empowerment in society.
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Net Enrolment Rate in Primary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Female and Net Enrollment Rate in Primary Schools, Male
GENDER AND FAMILY Gender Parity Index for Net Enrolment Rate in Secondary Schools (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Female and Net Enrollment Rate in Secondary Schools, Male
HEALTH People Using at Least Basic Drinking Water Services (% of Population) Ratio The percentage of people using at least basic water services. This indicator encompasses both people using basic water services as well as those using safely managed water services. Basic drinking water services is defined as drinking water from an improved source, provided collection time is not more than 30 minutes for a round trip. Improved water sources include piped water, boreholes or tubewells, protected dug wells, protected springs, and packaged or delivered water.
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with BCG Percentage The percentage of one-year-olds who have received one dose of bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine in a given year.
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with DTP3 Percentage DTP3 immunization coverage is the percentage of one-year-olds who have received three doses of the combined diphtheria, tetanus toxoid and pertussis vaccine in a given year.
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with HepB3 Percentage HepB3 immunization coverage is the percentage of one-year-olds who have received three doses of hepatitis B3 vaccine in a given year. Hib3 immunization coverage is the percentage of one-year-olds who have received three doses of Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine in a given year.
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with Hib3 Percentage The percentage of one-year-olds who have received three doses of Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine in a given year.
HEALTH 1-Year-Olds Immunized with MCV Percentage Measles immunization coverage is the percentage of one-year-olds who have received at least one dose of measles-containing vaccine in a given year. For countries recommending the first dose of measles vaccine in children over 12 months of age, the indicator is calculated as the proportion of children less than 24 months of age receiving one dose of measles-containing vaccine.
HEALTH Births Attended by Skilled Health Personnel (%) Ratio Births attended by skilled health staff are the percentage of deliveries attended by personnel trained to give the necessary supervision, care, and advice to women during pregnancy, labor, and the postpartum period; to conduct deliveries on their own; and to care for newborns.
HEALTH Current Health Expenditure, % GDP Percentage Total expenditure on health comprises the funds mobilized by the system, being the sum of general government and private expenditure on health.
HEALTH Dentists, Numbers Units Includes dentists, dental assistants and dental technicians.
HEALTH Dentists, Per 1,000 Population Ratio Includes dentists, dental assistants and dental technicians.
HEALTH Domestic General Government Health Expenditure as Percentage of Current Health Expenditure (%) Percentage Public expenditure corresponds to the consolidated outlays of all levels of government: territorial authorities (Central/Federal Government, Provincial/Regional/State/District authorities, Municipal/ Local governments), social security institutions and extrabudgetary funds, including capital outlays.
HEALTH Domestic General Government Health Expenditure, % GDP Percentage Public expenditure on health as % of GDP consists of recurrent and capital spending from government (central and local) budgets, external borrowings and grants (including donations from international agencies and nongovernmental organizations), and social (or compulsory) health insurance funds, all as % of GDP.
HEALTH Domestic Private Health Expenditure as Percentage of Current Health Expenditure (%) Percentage Private expenditure on health is the sum of outlays for health by private entities, such as commercial or mutual health insurance providers, non-profit institutions serving households, resident corporations and quasi-corporations not controlled by government with a health services delivery or financing, and direct household out-of-pocket payments.
HEALTH General Government Expenditure on Health as a Percentage of Total Government Expenditure Percentage Public expenditure corresponds to the consolidated outlays of all levels of government: territorial authorities (Central/Federal Government, Provincial/Regional/State/District authorities, Municipal/ Local governments), social security institutions and extrabudgetary funds, including capital outlays.
HEALTH Hospital Beds, Per 10,000 Population Ratio Includes inpatient beds available in public, private, general and specialised hospitals and rehabilitation centres.
HEALTH Mortality Rate, Adult, Female Per 1,000 Female Adults Adult mortality rate, female, is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old female dying before reaching age 60, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year between those ages.
HEALTH Mortality Rate, Adult, Male Per 1,000 Male Adults Adult mortality rate, male, is the probability of dying between the ages of 15 and 60--that is, the probability of a 15-year-old male dying before reaching age 60, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year between those ages.
HEALTH Mortality Rate, Infant Per 1,000 Live Births Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year.
HEALTH Mortality Rate, Under-Five Per 1,000 Live Births  Under-five mortality rate is the probability per 1,000 that a newborn baby will die before reaching age five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of the specified year.
HEALTH Mortality Ratio, Maternal Per 100,000 Live Births Maternal mortality ratio is the number of women who die from pregnancy-related causes while pregnant or within 42 days of pregnancy termination per 100,000 live births.
HEALTH Nurses, Numbers Units Includes professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses. Traditional birth attendants included here but as community/traditional health workers.
HEALTH Nurses, Per 1,000 Population Ratio Includes professional nurses, professional midwives, auxiliary nurses, auxiliary midwives, enrolled nurses, enrolled midwives and other personnel, such as dental nurses and primary care nurses. Traditional birth attendants included here but as community/traditional health workers.
HEALTH People Living with HIV/AIDS, 15-49 Years Old Percentage The prevalence of HIV among the population 15-49 years old is the percentage of individuals aged 15-49 living with HIV. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that weakens the immune system, ultimately leading to AIDS, the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. HIV destroys the body’s ability to fight off infection and disease, which can ultimately lead to death.
HEALTH People Using at Least Basic Sanitation Services (% of Population) Ratio The percentage of people using at least basic sanitation services, that is, improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households. This indicator encompasses both people using basic sanitation services as well as those using safely managed sanitation services. Improved sanitation facilities include flush/pour flush to piped sewer systems, septic tanks or pit latrines; ventilated improved pit latrines, compositing toilets or pit latrines with slabs.
HEALTH Pharmacists, Numbers Units Includes pharmacists, pharmaceutical assistants, pharmaceutical technicians and related occupations.
HEALTH Pharmacists, Per 1,000 Population Ratio Includes pharmacists, pharmaceutical assistants, pharmaceutical technicians and related occupations.
HEALTH Physicians, Numbers Units Includes generalists and specialists.
HEALTH Physicians, Per 1,000 Population Ratio Includes generalists and specialists.
HEALTH Prevalence of Undernourishment (% of Population) Percentage Population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (also referred to as prevalence of undernourishment) shows the percentage of the population whose food intake is insufficient to meet dietary energy requirements continuously. Data showing as 5 may signify a prevalence of undernourishment below 5%.
HEALTH Reported Cases, Measles Number Confirmed measles cases, including those confirmed clinically, epidemiologically, or by laboratory investigation. Cases that have been discarded following laboratory investigation should not be included.
HEALTH Reported Cases, Mumps Number Confirmed mumps cases, including those confirmed clinically, epidemiologically, or by laboratory investigation. Cases that have been discarded following laboratory investigation should not be included.
HEALTH Reported Cases, Neonatal tetanus Number Confirmed neonatal tetanus cases.
HEALTH Reported Cases, Rubella Number Confirmed rubella cases, including those confirmed clinically, epidemiologically, or by laboratory investigation. Cases that have been discarded following laboratory investigation should not be included.
HEALTH Reported Cases, Total Tetanus Number Confirmed total tetanus cases.
HEALTH Tuberculosis: DOTS Case Detection Rate Percentage The term ‘case detection’, as used here, means that TB is diagnosed in a patient and is reported within the national surveillance system, and then to WHO. The case detection rate is calculated as the number of new smear positive cases notified divided by the number of new smear positive cases estimated for that year, expressed as a percentage.
HEALTH Tuberculosis: DOTS Treatment Success Percentage The proportion of new smear-positive TB cases registered under DOTS in a given year that successfully completed treatment, whether with or without bacteriological evidence of success (“cured” or “treatment completed” respectively). At the end of treatment, each patient is assigned one of the following six mutually exclusive treatment outcomes: cured; completed; died; failed; defaulted; and transferred out with outcome unknown. The proportions of cases assigned to these outcomes, plus any additional cases registered for treatment but not assigned to an outcome, add up to 100% of cases registered.
HEALTH Under-5 Moderately or Severely Underweight Percentage Prevalence of (moderately and severely) underweight children is the percentage of children aged 0-59 months whose weights for age are less than two standard deviations below the median weight for age of the international reference population. The international reference population, often referred to as the NCHS/WHO reference population, was formulated by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) as a reference for the United States and later adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO). The NCHS/WHO reference standard represents the distribution of height and weight by age and sex in a well-nourished population. In a well-nourished population, 2.3 percent of children fall below minus two standard deviations. A new standard reference population, the WHO Child Growth Standards, was released in April 2006 and is also being used to estimate underweight prevalence (see Comments and Limitations below). Percentage of children under five that are underweight = (Number of children under age five that fall below minus two standard deviations from the median weight for age of the NCHS/WHO standard (moderate and severe))*100/ Total number of children under age five that were weighted.
INDICES Ease of Doing Business Index Index Ease of doing business ranks economies from 1 to 190, with first place being the best. A high ranking (a low numerical rank) means that the regulatory environment is conducive to business operation. The index averages the country's percentile rankings on 10 topics covered in the World Bank's Doing Business. The ranking on each topic is the simple average of the percentile rankings on its component indicators.
INDICES Financial Development Index Index The financial development index is constructed using a standard three-step approach found in the literature on reducing multidimensional data into one summary index: (i) normalization of variables; (ii) aggregation of normalized variables into the sub-indices representing a particular functional dimension; and (iii) aggregation of the sub-indices into the final index. This procedure follows the OECD Handbook on Constructing Composite Indicators (OECD, 2008), which is a good reference for methodological suggestions. There are a number of examples in the literature of constructing composite indices that compare and rank country performance. These include the IMF Financial Stress Index (Cardarelli, Elekdag, and Lall, 2008; Cardarelli, Elekdag, and Lall, 2009), various financial inclusion indices (Amidžić, Massara, and Mialou, 2014; Camara and Tuesta, 2014), and the United Nations Development Programme well-being indices, such as the Human Development Index, Gender-Inequality Index, Gender Development Index, and Multidimensional Poverty Index (UNDP, 2014).
INDICES Food Production Index (2004-2006=100) Index Food production index covers food crops that are considered edible and that contain nutrients. Coffee and tea are excluded because, although edible, they have no nutritive value.
INDICES GINI Index Index Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income (or, in some cases, consumption expenditure) among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution. A Lorenz curve plots the cumulative percentages of total income received against the cumulative number of recipients, starting with the poorest individual or household. The Gini index measures the area between the Lorenz curve and a hypothetical line of absolute equality, expressed as a percentage of the maximum area under the line. Thus a Gini index of 0 represents perfect equality, while an index of 100 implies perfect inequality.
INDICES Human Development Index Index HDI is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living. The HDI is the geometric mean of normalized indices for each of the three dimensions.
INDICES Liner Shipping Connectivity Index (2004=100) Index The table presents the liner shipping connectivity index (LSCI), which indicates a country's integration level into global liner shipping networks. The index base year is 2004, and the base value is on a country showing a maximum figure for 2004.
INDICES Logistics Performance Index: Overall (1=Low to 5=High) Index Logistics Performance Index overall score reflects perceptions of a country's logistics based on efficiency of customs clearance process, quality of trade- and transport-related infrastructure, ease of arranging competitively priced shipments, quality of logistics services, ability to track and trace consignments, and frequency with which shipments reach the consignee within the scheduled time. The index ranges from 1 to 5, with a higher score representing better performance. Data are from Logistics Performance Index surveys conducted by the World Bank in partnership with academic and international institutions and private companies and individuals engaged in international logistics. 2009 round of surveys covered more than 5,000 country assessments by nearly 1,000 international freight forwarders. Respondents evaluate eight markets on six core dimensions on a scale from 1 (worst) to 5 (best). The markets are chosen based on the most important export and import markets of the respondent's country, random selection, and, for landlocked countries, neighboring countries that connect them with international markets. Scores for the six areas are averaged across all respondents and aggregated to a single score using principal components analysis. Details of the survey methodology and index construction methodology are in Arvis and others' Connecting to Compete 2010: Trade Logistics in the Global Economy (2010).
INDICES Methodology Assessment of Statistical Capacity (Scale 0 - 100) Scale The methodology indicator measures a country’s ability to adhere to internationally recommended standards and methods. The methodology score is calculated as the weighted average of 10 underlying indicator scores. The final methodology score contributes 1/3 of the overall Statistical Capacity Indicator score.
INDICES Overall Level of Statistical Capacity (Scale 0 - 100) Scale The Statistical Capacity Indicator is a composite score assessing the capacity of a country’s statistical system. It is based on a diagnostic framework assessing the following areas: methodology; data sources; and periodicity and timeliness. Countries are scored against 25 criteria in these areas, using publicly available information and/or country input. The overall Statistical Capacity score is then calculated as a simple average of all three area scores on a scale of 0-100.
INDICES Periodicity and Timeliness Assessment of Statistical Capacity (Scale 0 - 100) Scale The periodicity and timeliness indicator assesses the availability and periodicity of key socioeconomic indicators. It measures the extent to which data are made accessible to users through transformation of source data into timely statistical outputs. The periodicity score is calculated as the weighted average of 10 underlying indicator scores. The final periodicity score contributes 1/3 of the overall Statistical Capacity Indicator score.
INDICES Source Data Assessment of Statistical Capacity (Scale 0 - 100) Scale The source data indicator reflects whether a country conducts data collection activities in line with internationally recommended periodicity, and whether data from administrative systems are available. The source data score is calculated as the weighted average of 5 underlying indicator scores. The final source data score contributes 1/3 of the overall Statistical Capacity Indicator score.
INDUSTRY AND MANUFACTURING Production of Bauxite Thousand Metric Tonnes Gross weight of crude ore mined
INDUSTRY AND MANUFACTURING Production of Cement Thousand Metric Tonnes All hydraulic cements used for construction (Portland, metallurgic, aluminous, natural etc)
INDUSTRY AND MANUFACTURING Production of Copper Thousand Metric Tonnes Cu content of copper ores and concentrates and all other copper bearing ores and concentrates intended for treatment for copper recovery.
INDUSTRY AND MANUFACTURING Production of Fertilisers Tonnes Fertilizer production refers to the different fertilizers (N, P, K and compounds) produced by a country. Production based on imported ammonia, phosphoric acid or rock phosphate is considered as national production, while that based on imported finished fertilizers (ammonium phosphate, potassium chloride, etc.) is excluded from national production to avoid double counting at the world level.
INFRASTRUCTURE Air Transport, Freight Million Ton - Km Air freight is the volume of freight, express, and diplomatic bags carried on each flight stage (operation of an aircraft from takeoff to its next landing), measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled.
INFRASTRUCTURE Air Transport, Passengers Carried Number Air passengers carried include both domestic and international aircraft passengers of air carriers registered in the country.
INFRASTRUCTURE Air Transport, Registered Carrier Departures Worldwide Number Registered carrier departures worldwide are domestic takeoffs and takeoffs abroad of air carriers registered in the country.
INFRASTRUCTURE Cellular Mobile Telephone Subscribers per 100 persons Number Mobile cellular telephone subscribers (post-paid + prepaid) refer to the use of portable telephones subscribing to a public mobile telephone service and provides access to Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) using cellular technology.
INFRASTRUCTURE Computers Ownership, Estimated Proportion of Households Percentage This indicator can include both; estimates and survey data corresponding to the proportion of households with computer. A computer includes: a desktop; portable or handheld computer (e.g. a personal digital assistant). It does not include equipment with some embedded computing abilities such as mobile phones or TV sets. The proportion of households with a computer is calculated by dividing the number of in-scope households with a computer by the total number of in-scope households.
INFRASTRUCTURE Container Port Throughput Number Total number of containers handled by a port, per country, expressed in twenty-foot equivalent units (TEUs). A TEU represents the volume of a standard 20 feet long intermodal container used for loading, unloading, repositioning and transshipment. A 40-foot intermodal container is counted as two TEUs.
INFRASTRUCTURE Fixed Broadband Internet Monthly Subscription USD Fixed (wired)-broadband monthly subscription charge refers to the monthly subscription charge for fixed (wired)-; broadband Internet service. Fixed (wired) broadband is considered to be any dedicated connection to the Internet at; downstream speeds equal to; or greater than; 256 kbit/s. If several offers are available; preference should be given to; the 256 kbit/s connection.
INFRASTRUCTURE Fixed Broadband Subscriptions per 100 Inhabitants Number Fixed broadband subscribers divided by population and multiplied by 100.
INFRASTRUCTURE Individuals Using the Internet (% of population) Percentage Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet (from any location) in the last 3 months. The Internet can be used via a computer, mobile phone, personal digital assistant, games machine, digital TV etc.
INFRASTRUCTURE Internet Access at Home, Estimated Proportion of Households Percentage This indicator can include both; estimates and survey data corresponding to the proportion of households with Internet. The Internet is a world-wide public computer network. It provides access to a number of communication services including the World Wide Web and carries email; news; entertainment and data files. Access is not assumed to be only via a computer - it may also be by mobile phone; games machine; digital TV etc. The proportion of households with Internet access at home is calculated by dividing the number of in-scope households with Internet access by the total number of in-scope households.
INFRASTRUCTURE Internet Bandwidth, International Megabits / Second Total capacity of international Internet bandwidth in megabits per second. If capacity is asymmetric (i.e., more incoming than outgoing), the incoming capacity should be provided.
INFRASTRUCTURE Internet Speed, Fixed Broadband Megabits / Second Fixed (wired) broadband speed represents the advertised maximum theoritical download speed and not speeds guranteed to users in megabits per second.
INFRASTRUCTURE Internet Subscribers per 100 persons Percentage The total number of internet subscribers per 100 persons. The total internet subscribers includes dial-up, total fixed broadband subscribers, cable modem, DSL Internet subscribers, other broadband and leased line internet subscribers.
INFRASTRUCTURE Investments,Telecommunication Services USD Annual investment in telecommunication services refers to the investment during the financial year made by entities providing telecommunication networks and/or services (including fixed; mobile and Internet services; as well as the ; transmission of TV signals) for acquiring or upgrading fixed assets (usually referred to ; as CAPEX); less disinvestment owing to disposals of fixed assets. Fixed assets should ; include tangible assets; such as buildings and networks; and non-tangible assets; such ; as computer software and intellectual property. The definition closely corresponds to ; the concept of gross fixed capital formation; as defined in the System of National ; Accounts 2008. ; ; The indicator is a measure of investment made by entities providing ; telecommunication networks and/or services in the country; and includes expenditure ; on initial installations and additions to existing installations where the usage is ; expected to be over an extended period of time. It excludes expenditure on fees for ; operating licences and the use of radio spectrum.
INFRASTRUCTURE Merchant Shipping: Fleets Dead Weight Tonnes in Thousands All ships, oil tankers and ore and bulk carrier fleets registered in a country.
INFRASTRUCTURE Motor Vehicles in Use: Commercial Vehicles Thousand Units Commercial vehicles include light commercial vehicles, heavy trucks, coaches and buses.
INFRASTRUCTURE Motor Vehicles in Use: Passenger Cars Thousand Units Passenger cars are motor vehicles with at least four wheels, used for the transport of passengers, and comprising no more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat.
INFRASTRUCTURE Radio Receivers Ownership, Estimated Proportion of Households Percentage Proportion of households with a radio
INFRASTRUCTURE Rail lines (total route-km) Kilometres Rail lines are the length of railway route available for train service, irrespective of the number of parallel tracks.
INFRASTRUCTURE Railways, Goods Transported Million Ton - Km Goods transported by railway are the volume of goods transported by railway, measured in metric tons times kilometers traveled. Net ton-kilometres are freight net ton-kilometres and include both fast and ordinary goods services but exclude service traffic, mail, baggage and non revenue governmental stores.
INFRASTRUCTURE Railways, Passengers Carried Million Passenger - Km Passengers carried by railway are the number of passengers transported by rail times kilometers traveled . (i.e. Domestic and international traffic on all railway lines within each country.) Passenger kilometres include all passengers except military, government and railway personnel when carried without revenue.
INFRASTRUCTURE Revenues, Telecommunication Services USD This is the total (gross) telecommunication revenue earned from all (fixed, mobile and data including Internet) operators (both network and virtual operators) offering services within the country. This should exclude revenues from non-telecommunications services. Revenue (turnover) consists of telecommunication service earnings during the financial year under review. This should refer to actual revenues earned by retailers and not from wholesale. Revenue should not include monies received in respect of revenue earned during previous financial years, neither does it include monies received by way of loans from governments, or external investors, nor monies received from repayable subscribers' contributions or deposits. Revenues should be net of royalties. It should exclude revenues generated from traditional broadcasting. This indicator is expressed in US$.
INFRASTRUCTURE Telephone Lines in Operation per 100 persons Number The telephone lines connecting the subscriber’s terminal equipment to the public switched network and which have dedicated ports in the telephone exchange equipment. Integrated services digital network channels ands fixed wireless subscribers are included.
INFRASTRUCTURE Television Receivers Ownership, Estimated Proportion of Households Percentage A TV (television) is a device capable of receiving broadcast television signals; using popular access means such as over-the-air;cable and satellite. A television set may be a standalone device; or it may be integrated into another device; such as a computer or a mobile phone. The proportion of households with a TV is calculated by dividing the number of in-scope households with a TV by the total number of in-scope households.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Balance of Payments: Current Account Million USD Current account balance is the sum of net exports of goods and services, net income, and net current transfers. It excludes exceptional financing.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Balance of Payments: Net Trade in Services USD Balance in Services (previously nonfactor services) refers to net economic output of intangible commodities that may be produced, transferred, and consumed at the same time. International transactions in services are defined by the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual (1993).
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Balance of Payments: Trade Balance USD Net trade in goods (trade balance) is the difference between exports and imports of goods. Service balance is not included. But the category includes goods previously included in services: goods received or sent for processing and their subsequent export or import in the form of processed goods.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Debt Service Payments Thousand USD Total debt service (TDS) shows the debt service payments on total long-term debt (public and publicly guaranteed and private nonguaranteed), use of IMF credit, and interest on short-term debt only. Debt service payments are the sum of principal repayments and interest payments in the year specified.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE External Debt, Long Term Thousand USD Long-term debt outstanding and disbursed (LDOD) is the total outstanding long-term debt at year end. Long-term external debt is defines ad debt that has an original or extended maturity of more than one year and that is owed to nonresidents and repayable in foreign currency, goods, or services. Maturity can be defined either on an original or remaining basis. It has three components: public, publicly guaranteed, and private nonguaranteed debt.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE External Debt, Short Term Thousand USD Short-term external debt (DOD) is defined as debt that has an original maturity of one year or less. Maturity can be defined either on an original or remaining basis. Available data permit no distinction between public and private nonguaranteed short-term debt.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE External Debt, Total Thousand USD Total external debt (EDT, DOD) consists of public and publicly guaranteed long-term debt, private nonguaranteed long-term debt (whether reported or estimated), the use of IMF credit, and estimated short-term debt.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Foreign Direct Investment Million USD Foreign direct investment is net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting management interest (10 percent or more of voting stock) in an enterprise operating in an economy other than that of the investor. The components of FDI are equity capital, reinvested earnings and other capital (mainly intra-company loans). As countries do not always collect data for each of those components, there is an apparent lack of comparability of FDI data reported by different countries. Moreover, for a given transaction, host country and home country often do not register it in exactly the same way. In particular, data on reinvested earnings, the collection of which depends on company surveys, are often unreported by many countries.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Foreign Direct Investment, Outward Flow USD Data on FDI flows are on a net basis (capital transactions´ credits less debits between direct investors and their foreign affiliates). Net decreases in assets (FDI outward) or net increases in liabilities (FDI inward) are recorded as credits (recorded with a positive sign in the balance of payments), while net increases in assets or net decreases in liabilities are recorded as debits (recorded with a negative sign in the balance of payments). Hence, FDI flows with a negative sign indicate that at least one of the three components of FDI (equity capital, reinvested earnings or intra-company loans) is negative and not offset by positive amounts of the remaining components. These are instances of reverse investment or disinvestment.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE ODA Per Capita Current Prices in USD Net official development assistance (ODA) per capita consists of disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (net of repayments of principal) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC), by multilateral institutions, and by non-DAC countries to promote economic development and welfare in countries and territories in the DAC list of ODA recipients; and is calculated by dividing net ODA received by the midyear population estimate. It includes loans with a grant element of at least 25 percent (calculated at a rate of discount of 10 percent).
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Official Development Assistance Million USD Official development assistance (ODA) consists of net disbursements of loans made on concessional terms (i.e with a grant element of at least 25 % ) and grants by official agencies of the members of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) and by multilateral institutions. The promotion of the economic development and welfare of developing countries should be the main objective of ODA. In addition to financial flows, technical cooperation is included in aid. Grants, loans and credits for military purposes and lending by export credit agencies - with the purpose of export promotion - are excluded.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Private Nonguaranteed Debt Thousand USD Private nonguaranteed long-term debt outstanding and disbursed (PNG, LDOD) is an external obligation of a private debtor that is not guaranteed for repayment by a public entity.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Public and Publicly Guaranteed Debt Thousand USD Public and publicly guaranteed long-term debt outstanding and disbursed (PPG, LDOD) are disseminated as aggregation. Public debt is an external obligation of a public debtor, including the national government, a political subdivision (or an agency of either), and autonomous public bodies. Publicly guaranteed debt is an external obligation of a private debtor that is guaranteed for repayment by a public entity.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Rate of Exchange: End of Period National Currency Units per USD Exchange rate is the price of one currency in terms of another. If available, the rate at market prices is given. Otherwise, it is the official or principal rate. It is expressed in national currency per USD.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Rate of Exchange: Period Average National Currency Units per USD Official exchange rate refers to the exchange rate determined by national authorities or to the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market. It is calculated as an annual average based on monthly averages . If official rate is not available, the period average of market rate is given. It is expressed in national currency per USD.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Total Reserves, Excluding Gold Thousand USD Total reserves minus gold comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. Gold holdings are excluded.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Total Reserves, Including Gold Thousand USD Total reserves comprise holdings of monetary gold, special drawing rights, reserves of IMF members held by the IMF, and holdings of foreign exchange under the control of monetary authorities. The gold component of these reserves is valued at year-end.
INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Use of IMF Credit Thousand USD Use of IMF credit (DOD) denotes repurchase obligations to the IMF with respect to all uses of IMF resources, excluding those resulting from drawings in the reserve tranche. It is shown for the end of the year specified. It comprises purchases outstanding under the credit tranches, including enlarged access resources and all of the special facilities (the buffer stock, compensatory financing, extended fund, and oil facilities), Trust Fund loans, and operations under the Structural Adjustment and Enhanced Structural Adjustment facilities. To maintain comparability between data on transactions with the IMF and data on long-term debt, use of IMF credit outstanding at the end of year (stock) is converted to dollars at the SDR exchange rate in effect at the end of year. Purchases and repurchases (flows) are converted at the average SDR exchange rate for the year in which transactions take place. Net purchases will usually not reconcile changes in the use of IMF credit from year to year. Valuation effects from the use of different exchange rates frequently explain much of the difference, but not all. Other factors are increases in quotas (which expand a country's reserve tranche and can thereby lower the use of IMF credit as defined here), approved purchases of a country's currency by another member country drawing on the General Resources Account, and various administrative uses of a country's currency by the IMF.
ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE ATMs Number The number of automatic teller machines that receive or dispense cash and permit the public to carry out various banking transactions.
ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE Conventional Banks with Islamic Windows Number Total number of conventional banks operating Islamic windows (Islamic banking branches or Islamic windows). In some countries, Islamic windows are an important component of total Islamic financial activity.
ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE Domestic Branch Offices (Islamic Banking Windows) Number Total number of separate branches, offices, and locations of Islamic banking branches or Islamic windows operated by conventional banks. This is a measure of access of the population to Islamic financial facilities.
ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE Domestic Branch Offices (Islamic Banks) Number This is a measure of the access of the public to Islamic banking facilities.
ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE Employees (Islamic Banking Windows) Number Number of full-time employees equivalent of Islamic banking branches and Islamic Windows banking and near banking Islamic Finance Instituions, by domestic and foreign control.
ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE Employees (Islamic Banks) Number Number of full-time employees equivalent of banking and near banking Islamic Finance Instituions, by domestic and foreign control.
ISLAMIC BANKING AND FINANCE Islamic Banks Number Total number of banking and near banking Islamic Finance Instituions. This is a measure of the size of the Islamic banking industry.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Cases of Fatal Occupational Injury Number A case of occupational injury is the case of a worker incurring an occupational injury as a result of an occupational accident. An occupational injury that is fatal is the result of an occupational accident where death occurred within one year from the day of the accident.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Cases of Non-Fatal Occupational Injury (with lost workdays) Number A case of non-fatal occupational injury is the case of a worker incurring an occupational injury as a result of an occupational accident not leading to death. The non-fatal occupational injury entails a loss of working time.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Dependency Ratio, Total, % of Working Age Population Ratio The ratio of total dependents (i.e. people younger than 15 or older than 64) to the working-age population (i.e. those ages 15-64). Data are shown as the proportion of dependents per 100 working-age population. For example, 0.7 means there are 7 dependents for every 10 working-age people.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employers, Female (% of female employment) Percentage Employers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employers, Male (% of male employment) Percentage Employers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employers, Total (% of total employment) Percentage Employers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs" i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced), and, in this capacity, have engaged, on a continuous basis, one or more persons to work for them as employee(s).
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment in Agriculture, % of Total Employment Percentage Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Agriculture corresponds to division 1 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories A and B (ISIC revision 3) and includes hunting, forestry, and fishing.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment in Industry, % of Total Employment Percentage Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Industry corresponds to divisions 2-5 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories C-F (ISIC revision 3) and includes mining and quarrying (including oil production), manufacturing, construction, and public utilities (electricity, gas, and water).
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment in Services, % of Total Employment Percentage Employees are people who work for a public or private employer and receive remuneration in wages, salary, commission, tips, piece rates, or pay in kind. Services correspond to divisions 6-9 (ISIC revision 2) or tabulation categories G-P (ISIC revision 3) and include wholesale and retail trade and restaurants and hotels; transport, storage, and communications; financing, insurance, real estate, and business services; and community, social, and personal services.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15+, Female (%) Percentage Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15+, Male (%) Percentage Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15+, Total (%) Percentage Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION GDP per person employed (constant 2011 PPP $) USD GDP per person employed is gross domestic product (GDP) divided by total employment in the economy. Purchasing power parity (PPP) GDP is GDP converted to 2011 constant international dollars using PPP rates. An international dollar has the same purchasing power over GDP that a U.S. dollar has in the United States.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Force, Female, % of Total Labour Force Percentage Female labor force as a percentage of the total show the extent to which women are active in the labor force. Labor force comprises all people who meet the International Labour Organization's definition of the economically active population.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Force, Total Units Total labor force comprises people who meet the International Labour Organization definition of the economically active population: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Female (% of Female Population Ages 15+) Percentage The proportion of the female population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Female (% of female population Ages 15-64) Percentage Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Male (% of Male Population Ages 15+) Percentage The proportion of the male population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Male (% of male population ages 15-64) Percentage Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Total (% of total Population Ages 15+) Percentage The proportion of the total population ages 15 and older that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Labour Participation Rate, Total (% of total population ages 15-64) Percentage Labor force participation rate is the proportion of the population ages 15-64 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Self-Employed, Female (% of female employment) Percentage Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs." i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced. Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers' cooperatives, and contributing family workers.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Self-Employed, Male (% of male employment) Percentage Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs." i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced. Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers' cooperatives, and contributing family workers.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Self-Employed, Total (% of total employment) Percentage Self-employed workers are those workers who, working on their own account or with one or a few partners or in cooperative, hold the type of jobs defined as a "self-employment jobs." i.e. jobs where the remuneration is directly dependent upon the profits derived from the goods and services produced. Self-employed workers include four sub-categories of employers, own-account workers, members of producers' cooperatives, and contributing family workers.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Unemployment Rate, % of total labor force Percentage Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment. Definitions of labor force and unemployment differ by country.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Unemployment, Female (% of female labor force) Percentage Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Unemployment, Male (% of male labor force) Percentage Unemployment refers to the share of the labor force that is without work but available for and seeking employment.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Vulnerable Employment, Female (% of female employment) Percentage Vulnerable employment is contributing family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Vulnerable Employment, Male (% of male employment) Percentage Vulnerable employment is contributing family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Vulnerable Employment, Total (% of total employment) Percentage Vulnerable employment is contributing family workers and own-account workers as a percentage of total employment.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Wage and Salaried Workers, Female (% of female employment) Percentage Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Wage and Salaried Workers, Male (% of male employment) Percentage Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
LABOUR AND SOCIAL PROTECTION Wage and Salaried Workers, Total (% of total employment) Percentage Wage and salaried workers (employees) are those workers who hold the type of jobs defined as "paid employment jobs," where the incumbents hold explicit (written or oral) or implicit employment contracts that give them a basic remuneration that is not directly dependent upon the revenue of the unit for which they work.
MONEY AND PRICES Consumer Price Index, Average Index An indicator of inflation that reflects changes in the cost of acquiring a fixed basket of goods and services by the average consumer.
MONEY AND PRICES Consumer Price Index, Average, Annual % Change Percentage An indicator of inflation that reflects changes in the cost of acquiring a fixed basket of goods and services by the average consumer expressed as the average percentage change over the previous year.
MONEY AND PRICES Consumer Price Index, End of Period Index Expressed in end of the period, not annual average data. A consumer price index (CPI) measures changes in the prices of goods and services that households consume. Such changes affect the real purchasing power of consumers’ incomes and their welfare. As the prices of different goods and services do not all change at the same rate, a price index can only reflect their average movement. A price index is typically assigned a value of unity, or 100, in some reference period and the values of the index for other periods of time are intended to indicate the average proportionate, or percentage, change in prices from this price reference period. Price indices can also be used to measure differences in price levels between different cities, regions or countries at the same point in time. [CPI Manual 2004, Introduction] For euro countries, consumer prices are calculated based on harmonized prices.
MONEY AND PRICES Consumer Price Index, End of Period, Annual % Change Percentage Annual percentages of end of period consumer prices are year-on-year changes.
MONEY AND PRICES Discount Rate Percentage The rate at which the central banks lend or discount eligible paper for deposit money banks, typically shown on an end-of-period basis.
MONEY AND PRICES GDP Deflator (2010=100), $ Rate GDP deflator is the implicit price deflator for GDP of which the movements in an implicit price deflator reflect both changes in price and changes in the composition of the aggregate for which the deflator is calculated. Here, the GDP implicit deflator is calculated as the ratio of GDP in current US dollars to GDP in constant US dollars (chain value measure).
MONEY AND PRICES GDP Deflator (2010=100), National Currency Units Rate GDP deflator is the implicit price deflator for GDP of which the movements in an implicit price deflator reflect both changes in price and changes in the composition of the aggregate for which the deflator is calculated. Here, the GDP implicit deflator is calculated as the ratio of GDP in current NCU to GDP in constant NCU (chain value measure).
MONEY AND PRICES Money Supply: M1 National Currency Units Money is the sum of currency outside banks and demand deposits other than those of central government. This series, frequently referred to as M1 is a narrower definition of money than M2.
MONEY AND PRICES Money Supply: M1 plus Quasi-money National Currency Units Money and quasi money comprise the sum of currency outside banks, demand deposits other than those of the central government, and the time, savings, and foreign currency deposits of resident sectors other than the central government.This definition of money supply is frequently called M2.
MONEY AND PRICES Wholesale Price Index (2010=100) Index Wholesale price index refers to a mix of agricultural and industrial goods at various stages of production and distribution, including import duties. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Agriculture, Share in Total Value Added Percentage Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing is an aggregation of economic activities of Section A Agriculture, hunting and forestry and Section B Fishing (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as a share in Total Value Added.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Agriculture, Value Added Current Prices in USD Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing is an aggregation of economic activities of Section A Agriculture, hunting and forestry and Section B Fishing
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Agriculture, Value Added (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing is an aggregation of economic activities of Section A Agriculture, hunting and forestry and Section B Fishing. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Construction, Share in Total Value Added Percentage Construction represents the economic activities of Section F Construction (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as a share in Total Value Added.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Construction, Value Added Current Prices in USD Construction represents the economic activities of Section F Construction (see ISIC Rev 3.1).
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Construction, Value Added (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Construction represents the economic activities of Section F Construction (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Gross domestic product (GDP) at constant prices refers to the volume level of GDP. Constant price estimates of GDP are obtained by expressing values in terms of a base period. In theory, the price and quantity components of a value are identified and the price in the base period is substituted for that in the current period. Two main methods are adopted in practice. The first, referred to as "quantity revaluation", is based on a methodology consistent with the above theory (i.e., by multiplying the current period quantity by the base period price). The second, commonly referred to as "price deflation", involves dividing price indexes into the observed values to obtain the volume estimate. The price indexes used are built up from the prices of the major items contributing to each value. Expressed in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP (Current Prices) National Currency Units Gross domestic product (GDP) at current prices is GDP at prices of the current reporting period. Also known as nominal GDP. Expressed in National Currency Units.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP (Current Prices) USD Gross domestic product (GDP) at current prices is GDP at prices of the current reporting period. Also known as nominal GDP.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP per capita (Constant Prices) USD GDP per head calculated as the aggregate of production (GDP) divided by the population size. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GDP per capita (Current Prices) USD GDP per head calculated as the aggregate of production (GDP) divided by the population size.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS General Government Final Consumption Expenditures (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Government final consumption expenditure consists of expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by general government on both individual consumption goods and services and collective consumption services. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS General Government Final Consumption Expenditures (Current Prices) USD Government final consumption expenditure consists of expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by general government on both individual consumption goods and services and collective consumption services. Expressed in Current Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS General Government Final Consumption Expenditures, Share in Total Consumption Percentage The share of Government Consumption in Total Consumption
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GNI (Current Prices) USD Gross national income (GNI) is GDP less net taxes on production and imports, less compensation of employees and property income payable to the rest of the world plus the corresponding items receivable from the rest of the world (in other words, GDP less primary incomes payable to non-resident units plus primary incomes receivable from non-resident units). An alternative approach to measuring GNI at market prices is as the aggregate value of the balances of gross primary incomes for all sectors; (note that gross national income is identical to gross national product (GNP) as previously used in national accounts). Expressed in Current Prices in USD
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS GNI per capita (Current Prices) USD GNI per head calculated as the aggregate of production (GNI) divided by the population size.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Capital Formation (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress". According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Capital Formation (Current Prices) USD Gross capital formation (formerly gross domestic investment) consists of outlays on additions to the fixed assets of the economy plus net changes in the level of inventories. Fixed assets include land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. Inventories are stocks of goods held by firms to meet temporary or unexpected fluctuations in production or sales, and "work in progress". According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Domestic Savings, % of GDP Percentage Gross domestic savings are calculated as GDP less final consumption expenditure (total consumption).
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Fixed Capital Formation (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in constant 2010 U.S. dollars.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Gross Fixed Capital Formation (Current Prices) USD Gross fixed capital formation (formerly gross domestic fixed investment) includes land improvements (fences, ditches, drains, and so on); plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings. According to the 1993 SNA, net acquisitions of valuables are also considered capital formation. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Household Consumption (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Household final consumption expenditure consists of the expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by resident households on individual consumption goods and services, including those sold at prices that are not economically significant. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Household Consumption (Current Prices) USD Household final consumption expenditure consists of the expenditure, including imputed expenditure, incurred by resident households on individual consumption goods and services, including those sold at prices that are not economically significant. Expressed in CurrentPrices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Household Consumption, Share in Total Consumption Percentage The share of Household Consumption in Total Consumption
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Industry, Share in Total Value Added Percentage Mining, manufacturing and utilities is an aggregation of economic activities of Section C Mining and quarrying, Section D Manufacturing and Section E Electricity, gas and water supply (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as share in Total Value Added.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Industry, Value Added Current Prices in USD Mining, manufacturing and utilities is an aggregation of economic activities of Section C Mining and quarrying, Section D Manufacturing and Section E Electricity, gas and water supply (see ISIC Rev 3.1).
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Industry, Value Added (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Mining, manufacturing and utilities is an aggregation of economic activities of Section C Mining and quarrying, Section D Manufacturing and Section E Electricity, gas and water supply (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Manufacturing, Share in Total Value Added Percentage Manufacturing represents the economic activities of section D Manufacturing (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as share in Total Value Added.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Manufacturing, Value Added Current Prices in USD Manufacturing represents the economic activities of section D Manufacturing (see ISIC Rev 3.1).
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Manufacturing, Value Added (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Manufacturing represents the economic activities of section D Manufacturing (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Other Activities, Share in Total Value Added Percentage Other activities constitute the aggregation of economic activities of Section J Financial intermediation, Section K Real estate, renting and business activities, Section L Public administration and defence, compulsory social security, Section M Education, Section N Health and social work, Section O Other community, social and personal service activities and Section P Activities of private households as employers and undifferentiated production activities of private households.Expressed as a share in Total Value Added.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Other Activities, Value Added Current Prices in USD Other activities constitute the aggregation of economic activities of Section J Financial intermediation, Section K Real estate, renting and business activities, Section L Public administration and defence, compulsory social security, Section M Education, Section N Health and social work, Section O Other community, social and personal service activities and Section P Activities of private households as employers and undifferentiated production activities of private households (see ISIC Rev 3.1).
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Other Activities, Value Added (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Other activities constitute the aggregation of economic activities of Section J Financial intermediation, Section K Real estate, renting and business activities, Section L Public administration and defence, compulsory social security, Section M Education, Section N Health and social work, Section O Other community, social and personal service activities and Section P Activities of private households as employers and undifferentiated production activities of private households (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Total Consumption (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Final consumption expenditure consists of houshold final consumption expenditure, government final consumption expenditure and final consumption expenditure of NPISH's. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Total Consumption (Current Prices) USD Final consumption expenditure consists of houshold final consumption expenditure, government final consumption expenditure and final consumption expenditure of NPISH's.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Total Value Added Current Prices in USD Gross value added is the value of output less the value of intermediate consumption; it is a measure of the contribution to GDP made by an individual producer, industry or sector; gross value added is the source from which the primary incomes of the SNA are generated and is therefore carried forward into the primary distribution of income account.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Total Value Added (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Gross value added is the value of output less the value of intermediate consumption; it is a measure of the contribution to GDP made by an individual producer, industry or sector; gross value added is the source from which the primary incomes of the SNA are generated and is therefore carried forward into the primary distribution of income account. Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Transport, Storage and Communication, Share in Total Value Added Percentage Transport, storage and communication represents the economic activities of Section I Transport, storage and communication (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as share in Total Value Added.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Transport, Storage and Communication, Value Added Current Prices in USD Transport, storage and communication represents the economic activities of Section I Transport, storage and communication (see ISIC Rev 3.1).
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Transport, Storage and Communication, Value Added (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Transport, storage and communication represents the economic activities of Section I Transport, storage and communication (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Wholesale, Retail Trade, Restaurants and Hotels, Share in Total Value Added Percentage Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels is an aggregation of economic activities of Section G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods and Section H Hotels and restaurants (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed as a share of Total Value Added.
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Wholesale, Retail Trade, Restaurants and Hotels, Value Added Current Prices in USD Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels is an aggregation of economic activities of Section G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods and Section H Hotels and restaurants (see ISIC Rev 3.1).
NATIONAL ACCOUNTS Wholesale, Retail Trade, Restaurants and Hotels, Value Added (Constant 2010 Prices) USD Wholesale, retail trade, restaurants and hotels is an aggregation of economic activities of Section G Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods and Section H Hotels and restaurants (see ISIC Rev 3.1). Expressed in Constant Prices in USD.
PRIVATE SECTOR Dealing with Construction Permits: Cost (% of warehouse value) Percentage Cost is recorded as a percentage of the warehouse value (assumed to be 50 times income per capita). Only official costs are recorded. All fees associated with completing the procedures to legally build a warehouse are recorded, including those associated with obtaining land use approvals and preconstruction design clearances; receiving inspections.
PRIVATE SECTOR Dealing with Construction Permits: Procedures Number A procedure is any interaction of the building company’s employees, managers, or any party acting on behalf of the company, with external parties, including government agencies, notaries, the land registry, the cadastre, utility companies and public inspectors—and the hiring of external private inspectors and technical experts where needed. Interactions between company employees are not counted as procedures. All procedures that are legally required and that are done in practice by the majority of companies to build a warehouse are counted, even if they may be avoided in exceptional cases.
PRIVATE SECTOR Dealing with Construction Permits: Time Days Time is recorded in calendar days. The measure captures the median duration that local experts indicate is necessary to complete a procedure in practice. It is assumed that the minimum time required for each procedure is one day, except for procedures that can be fully completed online, for which the time required is recorded as half a day.
PRIVATE SECTOR Enforcing Contracts: Cost (% of claim) Percentage Cost is recorded as a percentage of the claim value, assumed to be equivalent to 200% of income per capita or $5,000, whichever is greater. Three types of costs are recorded: average attorney fees, court costs and enforce­ment costs. Average attorney fees are the fees that Seller (plaintiff) must advance to a local attorney to represent Seller in the standardized case, regardless of final reimbursement. Court costs include all costs that Seller (plaintiff) must advance to the court, regardless of the final cost borne by Seller. Court costs include the fees that the parties must pay to obtain an expert opinion, regardless of whether they are paid to the court or to the expert directly. Enforcement costs are all costs that Seller (plaintiff) must advance to enforce the judgment through a public sale of Buyer’s movable assets, regard­less of the final cost borne by Seller. Bribes are not taken into account.
PRIVATE SECTOR Enforcing Contracts: Time Days Time is recorded in calendar days, counted from the moment Seller decides to file the lawsuit in court until payment. This includes both the days when actions take place and the waiting periods in between. The average duration of the following three different stages of dispute resolution is recorded: (i) filing and service; (ii) trial and judgment; and (iii) enforcement. Time is recorded considering the case study assumptions detailed above and only as applicable to the competent court. Time is recorded in practice, regardless of time limits set by law if such time limits are not respected in the majority of cases.
PRIVATE SECTOR Getting Credit: Credit Bureau Coverage (% of adults) Percentage Credit bureau coverage reports the number of individuals and firms listed in a credit bureau’s database as of 1 January, with information on their borrowing history within the past five years, plus the number of individuals and firms that have had no borrowing history in the past five years but for which a lender requested a credit report from the bureau in the period between between two consecutive years, starting from 2 January of preceding year to 1 January of following year. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult population (the population age 15 to 64 according to the World Bank’s World Development Indicators). A credit bureau is defined as a private firm or nonprofit organization that maintains a database on the credit­worthiness of borrowers (individuals or firms) in the financial system and facili­tates the exchange of credit information among creditors. (Many credit bureaus support banking and overall financial supervision activities in practice, though this is not their primary objective.) Credit investigative bureaus that do not directly facilitate information exchange among banks and other financial institutions are not considered. If no credit bureau oper­ates, the coverage value is 0.0%.
PRIVATE SECTOR Getting Credit: Credit Registry Coverage (% of adults) Percentage Credit registry coverage reports the number of individuals and firms listed in a credit registry’s database as of 1 January, with information on their borrowing history within the past five years, plus the number of individuals and firms that have had no borrowing history in the past five years but for which a lender requested a credit report from the registry in the period between two consecutive years, staring from 2 January of preceding year to 1 January of following year. The number is expressed as a percentage of the adult population (the popula­tion age 15 to 64 according to the World Bank’s World Development Indicators). A credit registry is defined as a database managed by the public sector, usually by the central bank or the superintendent of banks, that collects information on the creditworthiness of borrowers (individuals or firms) in the financial system and facilitates the exchange of credit information among banks and other regulated financial institutions (while their primary objec­tive is to assist banking supervision). If no credit registry operates, the coverage value is 0.0%.
PRIVATE SECTOR Getting Electricity: Cost to Get Electricity (% of income per capita) Percentage Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita and is recorded exclusive of value added tax. All the fees and costs associated with completing the procedures to connect a warehouse to electricity are recorded, including those related to obtaining clearances from government agencies, applying for the connection, receiving inspections of both the site and the internal wiring, purchasing material, getting the actual connection works and paying a security deposit. Information from local experts and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources. If several local partners provide different estimates, the median reported value is used. If several local partners provide different estimates, the median reported value is used. In all cases the cost excludes bribes.
PRIVATE SECTOR Getting Electricity: Procedures Number A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company’s employees or its main electrician or electrical engineer (that is, the one who may have done the internal wiring) with external parties, such as the electricity distribution utility, electricity supply utilities, government agencies, electrical contractors and electrical firms. Interactions between company employees and steps related to the internal electrical wiring, such as the design and execution of the internal electrical installation plans, are not counted as procedures. However, internal wiring inspections and certifications that are prerequisites to obtain a new connection are counted as procedures. Procedures that must be completed with the same utility but with different departments are counted as separate procedures.
PRIVATE SECTOR Getting Electricity: Time Days Time is recorded in calendar days. The measure captures the median duration that the electricity utility and experts indicate is necessary in practice, rather than required by law, to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up and no extra payments. It is assumed that the minimum time required for each procedure is one day. Although procedures may take place simultaneously, they cannot start on the same day (that is, simultaneous procedures start on consecutive days). It is assumed that the company does not waste time and commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. The time that the company spends on gathering information is not taken into account. It is assumed that the company is aware of all electricity connection requirements and their sequence from the beginning.
PRIVATE SECTOR Paying Taxes: Labor Tax and Contributions (% of profit) Percentage The tax payments indicator reflects the total number of taxes and contributions paid, the method of payment, the frequency of payment, the frequency of filing and the number of agencies involved for the standardized case study company during the second year of operation. It includes taxes withheld by the company, such as sales tax, VAT and employee-borne labor taxes. These taxes are traditionally collected by the company from the consumer or employee on behalf of the tax agencies. Although they do not affect the income statements of the company, they add to the administrative burden of complying with the tax system and so are included in the tax payments measure. Commercial profit is computed as sales minus cost of goods sold, minus gross salaries, minus administrative expenses, minus other expenses, minus provisions, plus capital gains (from the property sale) minus interest expense, plus interest income and minus commercial depreciation
PRIVATE SECTOR Paying Taxes: Other Taxes (% of profit) Percentage The tax payments indicator reflects the total number of taxes and contributions paid, the method of payment, the frequency of payment, the frequency of filing and the number of agencies involved for the standardized case study company during the second year of operation. It includes taxes withheld by the company, such as sales tax, VAT and employee-borne labor taxes. These taxes are traditionally collected by the company from the consumer or employee on behalf of the tax agencies. Although they do not affect the income statements of the company, they add to the administrative burden of complying with the tax system and so are included in the tax payments measure. Commercial profit is computed as sales minus cost of goods sold, minus gross salaries, minus administrative expenses, minus other expenses, minus provisions, plus capital gains (from the property sale) minus interest expense, plus interest income and minus commercial depreciation.
PRIVATE SECTOR Paying Taxes: Payments Number Time is recorded in hours per year. The indicator measures the time taken to prepare, file and pay three major types of taxes and contributions: the corporate income tax, value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social contributions. Preparation time includes the time to collect all information necessary to compute the tax payable and to calculate the amount payable. If separate accounting books must be kept for tax purposes—or separate calculations made—the time associated with these processes is included. This extra time is included only if the regular accounting work is not enough to fulfill the tax accounting requirements. Filing time includes the time to complete all necessary tax return forms and file the relevant returns at the tax authority. Payment time considers the hours needed to make the payment online or in person. Where taxes and contributions are paid in person, the time includes delays while waiting.
PRIVATE SECTOR Paying Taxes: Profit Tax (% of profit) Percentage The tax payments indicator reflects the total number of taxes and contributions paid, the method of payment, the frequency of payment, the frequency of filing and the number of agencies involved for the standardized case study company during the second year of operation. It includes taxes withheld by the company, such as sales tax, VAT and employee-borne labor taxes. These taxes are traditionally collected by the company from the consumer or employee on behalf of the tax agencies. Although they do not affect the income statements of the company, they add to the administrative burden of complying with the tax system and so are included in the tax payments measure. Commercial profit is computed as sales minus cost of goods sold, minus gross salaries, minus administrative expenses, minus other expenses, minus provisions, plus capital gains (from the property sale) minus interest expense, plus interest income and minus commercial depreciation
PRIVATE SECTOR Paying Taxes: Time Hours Time is recorded in hours per year. The indicator measures the time taken to prepare, file and pay three major types of taxes and contributions: the corporate income tax, value added or sales tax, and labor taxes, including payroll taxes and social contributions. Preparation time includes the time to collect all information necessary to compute the tax payable and to calculate the amount payable. If separate accounting books must be kept for tax purposes—or separate calculations made—the time associated with these processes is included. This extra time is included only if the regular accounting work is not enough to fulfill the tax accounting requirements. Filing time includes the time to complete all necessary tax return forms and file the relevant returns at the tax authority. Payment time considers the hours needed to make the payment online or in person. Where taxes and contributions are paid in person, the time includes delays while waiting.
PRIVATE SECTOR Paying Taxes: Total Tax Rate (% of profit) Percentage The total tax and contribution rate measures the amount of taxes and mandatory contributions borne by the business in the second year of operation, expressed as a share of commercial profit. The total amount of taxes and contributions borne is the sum of all the different taxes and contributions payable after accounting for allowable deductions and exemptions. The taxes withheld (such as personal income tax) or collected by the company and remitted to the tax authorities (such as VAT, sales tax or goods and service tax) but not borne by the company are excluded. The taxes included can be divided into five categories: profit or corporate income tax, social contributions and labor taxes paid by the employer (for which all mandatory contributions are included, even if paid to a private entity such as a requited pension fund), property taxes, turnover taxes and other taxes (such as municipal fees and vehicle taxes). The total tax and contribution rate is designed to provide a comprehensive measure of the cost of all the taxes a business bears. It differs from the statutory tax rate, which merely provides the factor to be applied to the tax base. In computing the total tax and contribution rate, the actual tax or contribution payable is divided by commercial profit. Commercial profit is computed as sales minus cost of goods sold, minus gross salaries, minus administrative expenses, minus other expenses, minus provisions, plus capital gains (from the property sale) minus interest expense, plus interest income and minus commercial depreciation.
PRIVATE SECTOR Registering Property: Cost (% of property value) Percentage Cost is recorded as a percentage of the property value, assumed to be equiva­lent to 50 times income per capita. Only official costs required by law are recorded, including fees, transfer taxes, stamp duties and any other payment to the property registry, notaries, public agencies or lawyers. Other taxes, such as capital gains tax or value added tax, are excluded from the cost measure. Both costs borne by the buyer and the seller are included. If cost estimates differ among sources, the median reported value is used.
PRIVATE SECTOR Registering Property: Procedures Number A procedure is defined as any interaction of the buyer or the seller, their agents (if an agent is legally or in practice required) with external parties, including govern­ment agencies, inspectors, notaries and lawyers. Interactions between company officers and employees are not considered. All procedures that are legally or in practice required for registering property are recorded, even if they may be avoided in exceptional cases. If a procedure can be accelerated legally for an additional cost, the fastest procedure is chosen if that option is more beneficial to the economy’s score and if it is used by the majority of property owners. Although the buyer may use lawyers or other professionals where necessary in the registration process, it is assumed that the buyer does not employ an outside facilitator in the registration process unless legally or in practice required to do so.
PRIVATE SECTOR Registering Property: Time Days Time is recorded in calendar days. The measure captures the median duration that property lawyers, notaries or registry officials indicate is necessary to complete a procedure. It is assumed that the minimum time required for each procedure is one day, except for proce­dures that can be fully completed online, for which the time required is recorded as half a day. Although procedures may take place simultaneously, they cannot start on the same day (again except for procedures that can be fully completed online). It is assumed that the buyer does not waste time and commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. If a procedure can be accelerated for an additional cost, the fastest legal procedure available and used by the majority of property owners is chosen. If procedures can be under­taken simultaneously, it is assumed that they are. It is assumed that the parties involved are aware of all requirements and their sequence from the beginning. Time spent on gathering information is not considered. If time estimates differ among sources, the median reported value is used.
PRIVATE SECTOR Resolving Insolvency: Cost (% of estate) Percentage The cost of the proceedings is recorded as a percentage of the value of the debtor’s estate. The cost is calculated on the basis of questionnaire responses and includes court fees and government levies; fees of insolvency administrators, auctioneers, assessors and lawyers; and all other fees and costs.
PRIVATE SECTOR Resolving Insolvency: Recovery Rate (cents on the dollar) Ratio The recovery rate is recorded as cents on the dollar recovered by secured creditors through judicial reorganization, liquida­tion or debt enforcement (foreclosure or receivership) proceedings. The calculation takes into account the outcome: whether the business emerges from the proceedings as a going concern or the assets are sold piecemeal. Then the costs of the proceedings are deducted (1 cent for each percentage point of the value of the debtor’s estate). Finally, the value lost as a result of the time the money remains tied up in insolvency proceedings is taken into account, including the loss of value due to depreciation of the hotel furniture. Consistent with international accounting practice, the annual depreciation rate for furniture is taken to be 20%. The furniture is assumed to account for a quarter of the total value of assets. The recovery rate is the present value of the remaining proceeds, based on end-2017 lending rates from the International Monetary Fund’s International Financial Statistics, supplemented with data from central banks and the Economist Intelligence Unit.
PRIVATE SECTOR Resolving Insolvency: Time Years Time for creditors to recover their credit is recorded in calendar years. The period of time measured by Doing Business is from the company’s default until the payment of some or all of the money owed to the bank. Potential delay tactics by the parties, such as the filing of dilatory appeals or requests for extension, are taken into consideration.
PRIVATE SECTOR Starting a Business: Cost - Men (% of income per capita) Percentage Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law or commonly used in practice. Fees for purchasing and legalizing company books are included if these transactions are required by law. Although value added tax registration can be counted as a separate procedure, value added tax is not part of the incorporation cost. The company law, the commercial code and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. In the absence of fee schedules, a government officer’s estimate is taken as an official source. In the absence of a government officer’s estimate, estimates by incorporation experts are used. If several incorporation experts provide different estimates, the median reported value is applied. In all cases the cost excludes bribes.
PRIVATE SECTOR Starting a Business: Cost - Women (% of income per capita) Percentage Cost is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. It includes all official fees and fees for legal or professional services if such services are required by law or commonly used in practice. Fees for purchasing and legalizing company books are included if these transactions are required by law. Although value added tax registration can be counted as a separate procedure, value added tax is not part of the incorporation cost. The company law, the commercial code and specific regulations and fee schedules are used as sources for calculating costs. In the absence of fee schedules, a government officer’s estimate is taken as an official source. In the absence of a government officer’s estimate, estimates by incorporation experts are used. If several incorporation experts provide different estimates, the median reported value is applied. In all cases the cost excludes bribes.
PRIVATE SECTOR Starting a Business: Paid-in Minimum Capital (% of income per capita) Percentage The paid-in minimum capital requirement reflects the amount that the entrepreneur needs to deposit in a bank or with a third-party (for example, a notary) before registration or up to three months after incorporation and it is recorded as a percentage of the economy’s income per capita. The amount is typically specified in the commercial code or the company law. The legal provision needs to be adopted, enforced and fully implemented. Any legal limitation of the company’s operations or decisions related to the payment of the minimum capital requirement is recorded. In case the legal minimum capital is provided per share, it is multiplied by the number of shareholders owning the company. Many economies require minimum capital but allow businesses to pay only a part of it before registration, with the rest to be paid after the first year of operation.
PRIVATE SECTOR Starting a Business: Procedures Required - Men Number A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries) or spouses (if legally required). Approvals from spouses to own a business or leave the home are considered procedures if required by law or if by failing to obtain such approval the spouse will suffer consequences under the law, such as the loss of right to financial maintenance. Obtaining permissions only required by one gender for company registration and operation, or getting additional documents only required by one gender for a national identification card are considered additional procedures. In that case, only procedures required for one spouse but not the other are counted. Procedures that the company undergoes to connect to electricity, water, gas and waste disposal services are not included in the starting a business indicators.
PRIVATE SECTOR Starting a Business: Procedures Required - Women Number A procedure is defined as any interaction of the company founders with external parties (for example, government agencies, lawyers, auditors or notaries) or spouses (if legally required). Approvals from spouses to own a business or leave the home are considered procedures if required by law or if by failing to obtain such approval the spouse will suffer consequences under the law, such as the loss of right to financial maintenance. Obtaining permissions only required by one gender for company registration and operation, or getting additional documents only required by one gender for a national identification card are considered additional procedures. In that case, only procedures required for one spouse but not the other are counted. Procedures that the company undergoes to connect to electricity, water, gas and waste disposal services are not included in the starting a business indicators.
PRIVATE SECTOR Starting a Business: Time - Men Days Time is recorded in calendar days. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers or notaries indicate is necessary in practice to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no unofficial payments. It is assumed that the minimum time required for each procedure is one day, except for procedures that can be fully completed online, for which the minimum time required is recorded as half a day. Although procedures may take place simultaneously, they cannot start on the same day (that is, simultaneous procedures start on consecutive days). A registration process is considered completed once the company has received the final incorporation document or can officially commence business operations. If a procedure can be accelerated legally for an additional cost, the fastest procedure is chosen if that option is more beneficial to the economy’s score. When obtaining a spouse’s approval, it is assumed that permission is granted at no additional cost unless the permission needs to be notarized. It is assumed that the entrepreneur does not waste time and commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. The time that the entrepreneur spends on gathering information is not measured. It is assumed that the entrepreneur is aware of all entry requirements and their sequence from the beginning but has had no prior contact with any of the officials involved.
PRIVATE SECTOR Starting a Business: Time - Women Days Time is recorded in calendar days. The measure captures the median duration that incorporation lawyers or notaries indicate is necessary in practice to complete a procedure with minimum follow-up with government agencies and no unofficial payments. It is assumed that the minimum time required for each procedure is one day, except for procedures that can be fully completed online, for which the minimum time required is recorded as half a day. Although procedures may take place simultaneously, they cannot start on the same day (that is, simultaneous procedures start on consecutive days). A registration process is considered completed once the company has received the final incorporation document or can officially commence business operations. If a procedure can be accelerated legally for an additional cost, the fastest procedure is chosen if that option is more beneficial to the economy’s score. When obtaining a spouse’s approval, it is assumed that permission is granted at no additional cost unless the permission needs to be notarized. It is assumed that the entrepreneur does not waste time and commits to completing each remaining procedure without delay. The time that the entrepreneur spends on gathering information is not measured. It is assumed that the entrepreneur is aware of all entry requirements and their sequence from the beginning but has had no prior contact with any of the officials involved.
PUBLIC FINANCE Balance of Government Budget Million National Currency Units Balance of Government Budget is the difference between Government Revenues and Government Expenditures.
PUBLIC FINANCE Compensation of Employees Million National Currency Units Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
PUBLIC FINANCE Compensation of Employees (% of expense) Percentage Compensation of employees consists of all payments in cash, as well as in kind (such as food and housing), to employees in return for services rendered, and government contributions to social insurance schemes such as social security and pensions that provide benefits to employees.
PUBLIC FINANCE Customs and Other Import Duties Million National Currency Units Customs and other import duties are all levies collected on goods that are entering the country or services delivered by nonresidents to residents. They include levies imposed for revenue or protection purposes and determined on a specific or ad valorem basis as long as they are restricted to imported goods or services.
PUBLIC FINANCE Customs and Other Import Duties (% of tax revenue) Percentage Customs and other import duties are all levies collected on goods that are entering the country or services delivered by nonresidents to residents. They include levies imposed for revenue or protection purposes and determined on a specific or ad valorem basis as long as they are restricted to imported goods or services.
PUBLIC FINANCE Goods and Services Expense Million National Currency Units Goods and services include all government payments in exchange for goods and services used for the production of market and nonmarket goods and services. Own-account capital formation is excluded.
PUBLIC FINANCE Goods and Services Expense (% of expense) Percentage Goods and services include all government payments in exchange for goods and services used for the production of market and nonmarket goods and services. Own-account capital formation is excluded.
PUBLIC FINANCE Government Expenditures Million National Currency Units Government Expenditures are cash payments for operating activities of the government in providing goods and services. It includes compensation of employees (such as wages and salaries), interest and subsidies, grants, social benefits, and other expenses.
PUBLIC FINANCE Government Expenditures, Share in GDP Percentage Government Expenditures, Share in GDP gives the percentage of government expenditures in GDP at Current Market Prices, NCU.
PUBLIC FINANCE Government Revenues Million National Currency Units Government Revenues are cash receipts from taxes, social contributions, and other revenues such as fines, fees, rent, and income from property or sales. Grants are also considered as revenue but are excluded here. Hence it is revenue, excluding grants.
PUBLIC FINANCE Government Revenues, Share in GDP Percentage Government Revenues, Share in GDP gives the percentage of government revenues in GDP at Current Market Prices, NCU.
PUBLIC FINANCE Grants and Other Revenue Million National Currency Units Grants and other revenue include grants from other foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; interest; dividends; rent; requited, nonrepayable receipts for public purposes (such as fines, administrative fees, and entrepreneurial income from government owner­ship of property); and voluntary, unrequited, nonrepayable receipts other than grants.
PUBLIC FINANCE Grants and Other Revenue (% of revenue) Percentage Grants and other revenue include grants from other foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; interest; dividends; rent; requited, nonrepayable receipts for public purposes (such as fines, administrative fees, and entrepreneurial income from government owner­ship of property); and voluntary, unrequited, nonrepayable receipts other than grants.
PUBLIC FINANCE Interest Payments Million National Currency Units Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
PUBLIC FINANCE Interest Payments (% of expense) Percentage Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
PUBLIC FINANCE Interest Payments (% of revenue) Percentage Interest payments include interest payments on government debt--including long-term bonds, long-term loans, and other debt instruments--to domestic and foreign residents.
PUBLIC FINANCE Subsidies and Other Transfers (% of expense) Percentage Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security, social assistance benefits, and employer social benefits in cash and in kind.
PUBLIC FINANCE Subsidies Payments Million National Currency Units Subsidies, grants, and other social benefits include all unrequited, nonrepayable transfers on current account to private and public enterprises; grants to foreign governments, international organizations, and other government units; and social security.
PUBLIC FINANCE Taxes on Income, Profits and Capital Gains Million National Currency Units Taxes on income, profits, and capital gains are levied on the actual or presumptive net income of individuals, on the profits of corporations and enterprises, and on capital gains, whether realized or not, on land, securities, and other assets. Intragovernmental payments are eliminated in consolidation.
PUBLIC FINANCE Taxes on Income, Profits and Capital Gains (% of revenue) Percentage Taxes on income, profits, and capital gains are levied on the actual or presumptive net income of individuals, on the profits of corporations and enterprises, and on capital gains, whether realized or not, on land, securities, and other assets. Intragovernmental payments are eliminated in consolidation.
PUBLIC FINANCE Taxes on Income, Profits and Capital Gains (% of total taxes) Percentage Taxes on income, profits, and capital gains are levied on the actual or presumptive net income of individuals, on the profits of corporations and enterprises, and on capital gains, whether realized or not, on land, securities, and other assets. Intragovernmental payments are eliminated in consolidation.
PUBLIC FINANCE Taxes on International Trade Million National Currency Units Taxes on international trade include import duties, export duties, profits of export or import monopolies, exchange profits, and exchange taxes.
PUBLIC FINANCE Taxes on International Trade (% of revenue) Percentage Taxes on international trade include import duties, export duties, profits of export or import monopolies, exchange profits, and exchange taxes.
PUBLIC FINANCE Total Tax Revenue Million National Currency Units Tax revenue refers to compulsory transfers to the central government for public purposes. Certain compulsory transfers such as fines, penalties, and most social security contributions are excluded. Refunds and corrections of erroneously collected tax revenue are treated as negative revenue.
PUBLIC FINANCE Total Tax Revenue, Share in Government Revenues Percentage Total Tax Revenue, Share in Government Revenues gives the percentage of total tax revenue in total government revenues.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Articles Published Number Number of scientific articles published in journals covered by Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), and Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI).
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION GERD as a percentage of GDP Percentage Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) as a percentage of GDP is the total intramural expenditure on R&D performed expressed as a percentage of GDP of the national territory or region.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION GERD in '000 current PPP $ USD Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) is the total intramural expenditure on R&D performed in the national territory during a given period, expressed in Purchasing Power Parity dollars. It includes R&D performed within a country and funded from abroad but excludes payments for R&D performed abroad.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION GERD per capita (in current PPP $) USD Total domestic intramural expenditure on R&D during a given period per inhabitant (using mid-year population as reference).
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION High-Technology Exports USD High-technology exports are products with high R&D intensity, such as in aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery. Data are in current U.S. dollars.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Patent Applications by Filing Office Number Patent application is a formal request for IP rights at an IP office, whereupon the office examines the application and decides whether to grant or refuse protection. Application also refers to a set of documents submitted to an office by the applicant. A patent provides protection for the invention to the owner of the patent for a limited period.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Patent Grants by Filing Office Number Patent grant is an exclusive IP right conferred to an applicant by an IP office. For example, patents are granted to applicants (assignees) to make use of and exploit an invention for a limited period of time. The holder of the rights can prevent unauthorized use of the invention.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Researchers (FTE) - Total Number Professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, as well as in the management of these projects.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Researchers (HC) - % Female Percentage Female professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, as well as in the management of these projects.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Researchers (HC) - Total Number Professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, as well as in the management of these projects.
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION Researchers per Million Inhabitants (HC) Number Number of professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge (who conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories, models, techniques instrumentation, software or operational methods) during a given year expressed as a proportion of a population of one million.
TOBACCO CONTROL Export Quantity, Other Tobacco Products Tonnes Includes smoking, chewing, snuff tobacco, homogenized or compressed tobacco, manufactured tobacco substitutes, tobacco extracts and essences.Quantity indices for the aggregate agricultural and aggregate food products represent the changes in the price-weighted sum of quantities of products traded between countries.
TOBACCO CONTROL Export Quantity, Tobacco Tonnes Any of a genus of plants, Nicotiana, cultivated for their leaves. Tobacco is consumed primarily through smoking, and less extensively through chewing or sniffing. N. tabacum is by far, the most important species. The main active element of tobacco leaves is alkaloid nicotine, a highly toxic substance. Quantity indices for the aggregate agricultural and aggregate food products represent the changes in the price-weighted sum of quantities of products traded between countries. The weights are the unit value averages of 1989-1991. The formulas used are of the Laspeyres type.Nicotiana tabacum.
TOBACCO CONTROL Export Value, Other Tobacco Products Thousand USD Includes smoking, chewing, snuff tobacco, homogenized or compressed tobacco, manufactured tobacco substitutes, tobacco extracts and essences. Value indices represent the change in the current values of Export f.o.b (free on board) all expressed in US dollars.
TOBACCO CONTROL Export Value, Tobacco Thousand USD Any of a genus of plants, Nicotiana, cultivated for their leaves. Tobacco is consumed primarily through smoking, and less extensively through chewing or sniffing. N. tabacum is by far, the most important species. The main active element of tobacco leaves is alkaloid nicotine, a highly toxic substance. Value indices represent the change in the current values of Export f.o.b (free on board) all expressed in US dollars.
TOBACCO CONTROL Import Quantity, Other Tobacco Products Tonnes Includes smoking, chewing, snuff tobacco, homogenized or compressed tobacco, manufactured tobacco substitutes, tobacco extracts and essences.Quantity indices for the aggregate agricultural and aggregate food products represent the changes in the price-weighted sum of quantities of products traded between countries.
TOBACCO CONTROL Import Quantity, Tobacco Tonnes Any of a genus of plants, Nicotiana, cultivated for their leaves. Tobacco is consumed primarily through smoking, and less extensively through chewing or sniffing. N. tabacum is by far, the most important species. The main active element of tobacco leaves is alkaloid nicotine, a highly toxic substance. Quantity indices for the aggregate agricultural and aggregate food products represent the changes in the price-weighted sum of quantities of products traded between countries. The weights are the unit value averages of 1989-1991. The formulas used are of the Laspeyres type.
TOBACCO CONTROL Import Value, Other Tobacco Products Thousand USD Includes smoking, chewing, snuff tobacco, homogenized or compressed tobacco, manufactured tobacco substitutes, tobacco extracts and essences. Value indices represent the change in the current values of Export f.o.b (free on board) all expressed in US dollars.
TOBACCO CONTROL Import Value, Tobacco Thousand USD Any of a genus of plants, Nicotiana, cultivated for their leaves. Tobacco is consumed primarily through smoking, and less extensively through chewing or sniffing. N. tabacum is by far, the most important species. The main active element of tobacco leaves is alkaloid nicotine, a highly toxic substance. Value indices represent the change in the current values of Import c.i.f. (cost, insurance and freight) all expressed in US dollars. For countries which report import values on an f.o.b. (free on board) basis, these are adjusted to approximate c.i.f. values (by a standard factor of 112 percent). Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Anti-tobacco mass media campaigns Numeric Value The implementation status of the Anti-tobacco mass media measure was classified by grouping countries into five groups. The groups for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported 2 = No national campaign conducted in the reporting period with a duration of at least three weeks 3 = National campaign conducted wih 1-4 appropriate characteristics* 4 = National campaign conducted wih 5-6 appropriate characteristics*, or with 7 characteristics excluding airing on TV and/or radio 5 = National campaign conducted with at least 7 appropriate characteristics* including airing on TV and/or radio. * Characteristics of a high-quality campaign are: • the campaign was part of a tobacco control programme; • before the campaign, research was undertaken or reviewed to gain a thorough understanding of the target audience; • campaign communications materials were pretested with the target audience and refined in line with campaign objectives; • air time (radio, television) and/or placement (billboards, print advertising, etc.) was obtained by purchasing or securing it using either the organization’s own internal resources or an external media planner or agency (this information indicates whether the campaign adopted a thorough media planning and buying process to effectively and efficiently reach its target audience); • the implementing agency worked with journalists to gain publicity or news coverage for the campaign; • process evaluation was undertaken to assess how effectively the campaign had been implemented; and • an outcome evaluation process was implemented to assess the campaign impact.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Enforce bans on tobacco advertising Numeric Value Country's legislation is assessed to determine whether all or any forms of tobacco advertising promotion and sposorship are banned. The groupings for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported 2 = Complete absence of ban, or ban that does not cover national television (TV), radio and print media 3 = Ban on national TV, radio and print media only 4 = Ban on national TV, radio and print media as well as on some but not all other forms of direct* and/or indirect** advertising 5 = Ban on all forms of direct* and indirect** advertising. * Direct advertising bans: • national television and radio; • local magazines and newspapers; • billboards and outdoor advertising; • point of sale. ** Indirect advertising bans: • free distribution of tobacco products in the mail or through other means; • promotional discounts; • non-tobacco products identified with tobacco brand names (brand extension); • brand names of non-tobacco products used for tobacco products; • appearance of tobacco products in television and/or films; • sponsored events.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Monitor Numeric Value The implementation status of the Monitoring measure was classified by grouping countries into four groups. The groups for this indicator are: 1 = No known data or no recent* data or data that are not both recent* and representative** 2 = Recent* and representative** data for either adults or youth 3 = Recent* and representative** data for both adults and youth 4 = Recent*, representative** and periodic*** data for both adults and youth * Recent means in the data year or the 5 years previous to the data year. ** Survey sample representative of the national population. *** Survey repeated at least every five years. Survey is considered an “adult survey” if it is a household survey sampled from the general population with respondent ages not limited to those under 15.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Offer Help to Quit Tobacco Use Numeric Value Information from countries on the availability and non-availability of particular tobacco cessation aids is assessed to determine the comparative level of assistance countries provide to help tobacco users quit. The groupings for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported 2 = None 3 = NRT* and/or some cessation services** (neither cost-covered) 4 = NRT* and/or some cessation services** (at least one of which is cost-covered) 5 = National quit line, and both NRT* and some cessation services** cost-covered * Nicotine replacement therapy. ** Smoking cessation support available in any of the following places: health clinics or other primary care facilities, hospitals, office of a health professional, the community.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Protect from Tobacco Smoke Numeric Value Country's legislation is assessed to determine whether smoke-free laws exist in each of the following places at either the national or subnational level: • health-care facilities; • educational facilities other than universities; • universities; • government facilities; • indoor offices; • restaurants; • pubs and bars; • public transport. The implementation status of the Smoke-free environments measure was classified by grouping countries into five groups. The groupings for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported/not categorized* 2 = Up to two public places completely smoke-free 3 = Three to five public places completely smoke-free 4 = Six to seven public places completely smoke-free 6 = All public places completely smoke-free (or at least 90% of the population covered by complete subnational smoke-free legislation) *In several countries, in order to significantly expand the creation of smoke-free places, including restaurants and bars, it was politically necessary to include exceptions to the law that allowed for the provision of designated smoking rooms. The requirements for designated smoking rooms are so technically complex and stringent that, for practical purposes, few or no establishments are expected to implement them. Because no data were requested on the number of complex designated smoking rooms actually constructed, it is not possible to know whether these laws have resulted in the complete absence of such rooms, as intended. For this reason, these few countries have not been categorized in the analyses for this indicator.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Raise Taxes on Tobacco Numeric Value Country-provided information on taxes and prices is assessed to yield indicators to describe the comparative level of taxes on tobacco products in countries. Taxes assessed include excise tax, value added tax (“VAT”), import duty (when the cigarettes were imported) and any other taxes levied. Only the price of the most popular brand of cigarettes is considered. In the case of countries where different levels of taxes applied to cigarettes are based on either length, quantity produced or type (e.g. filter vs. non-filter), only the rate that applied to the most popular brand is used in the calculation. Given the lack of information on country and brand-specific profit margins of retailers and wholesalers, their profits were assumed to be zero (unless provided by the national data collector). The implementation status of the Raise tobacco taxes measure was classified by grouping countries into five groups. The groupings for this indicator are: 1 = Data not reported 2 = ≤ 25% of retail price is tax 3 = 26–50% of retail price is tax 4 = 51–75% of retail price is tax 5 = >75% of retail price is tax.
TOBACCO CONTROL MPOWER: Warn about the dangers of tobacco Numeric Value Country's legislation is assessed to determine whether health warnings with specific criteria are mandated. The groupings for this indicator are: 1: Data not reported 2: No warning or warning covering <30% of pack surface 3: ≥30%* but no pictures or pictograms and/or other appropriate characteristics** 4: 31%–49%* including pictures or pictograms and other appropriate characteristics** 5: ≥50%* including pictures or pictograms and appropriate characteristics**
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevelance Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Adult, Both Sexes Percentage Current smoking of any tobacco product prevalence estimates, resulting from the latest adult tobacco use survey (or survey which asks tobacco use questions), which have been adjusted according to the WHO regression method for standardising described in the Method of Estimation below. "Tobacco smoking" includes cigarettes, cigars, pipes or any other smoked tobacco products. “Current smoking” includes both daily and non-daily or occasional smoking.
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevelance Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Adult, Female Percentage Current smoking of any tobacco product prevalence estimates, resulting from the latest adult tobacco use survey (or survey which asks tobacco use questions), which have been adjusted according to the WHO regression method for standardising described in the Method of Estimation below.  "Tobacco smoking" includes cigarettes, cigars, pipes or any other smoked tobacco products. “Current smoking” includes both daily and non-daily or occasional smoking.
TOBACCO CONTROL Prevelance Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Adult, Male Percentage Current smoking of any tobacco product prevalence estimates, resulting from the latest adult tobacco use survey (or survey which asks tobacco use questions), which have been adjusted according to the WHO regression method for standardising described in the Method of Estimation below.  "Tobacco smoking" includes cigarettes, cigars, pipes or any other smoked tobacco products. “Current smoking” includes both daily and non-daily or occasional smoking.
TOBACCO CONTROL Unmanufactured Tobacco, Area Harvested Thousand Hectares Data refer to the area from which a crop is gathered. Area harvested, therefore, excludes the area from which, although sown or planted, there was no harvest due to damage, failure, etc. It is usually net for temporary crops and some times gross for permanent crops. Nicotiana tabacum. Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
TOBACCO CONTROL Unmanufactured Tobacco, Production Tonnes Figures relate to the total domestic production whether inside or outside the agricultural sector, i.e. it includes non-commercial production and production from kitchen gardens. Unless otherwise indicated, production is reported at the farm level for crop (i.e. excluding harvesting losses). Nicotiana tabacum. Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
TOBACCO CONTROL Unmanufactured Tobacco, Yield Hectogram / Hectare Harvested production per unit of harvested area for crop products. Nicotiana tabacum. Unmanufactured dry tobacco, including refuse that is not stemmed or stripped, or is partly or wholly stemmed or stripped.
TOURISM Balance of Foreign Travel Million USD Calculated by subtracting the Tourism Expenditures from the Tourism Receipts.
TOURISM Balance of International Tourism as % of GDP Percentage An indicator used for measuring the net contribution of the international tourism sector to the economy of a country evaluated by relating the balance of international tourism as a percentage of the GDP.
TOURISM International Tourism Receipts as % of Exports Percentage An indicator used or measuring the role of international tourism activity as a source of foreign exchange evaluated by relating the international tourism receipts as a percentage of the total merchandise exports.
TOURISM Intra-OIC Tourist Arrivals Thousands An indicator used to measure the arrivals of tourist in OIC member countries from other OIC member countries.
TOURISM Number of Tourist Arrivals Thousands Every person visiting another country than the one originaly living in for any other reason than remuneration.
TOURISM Tourism Expenditures Million USD The expenditure on tourism outside their country of residence made by visitors (same-day visitors and tourists) from a given country of origin.
TOURISM Tourism Receipts Million USD The receipts earned by a destination country from inbound tourism and cover all tourism receipts resulting from expenditure made by visitors from abroad, on for instance lodging, food and drinks, fuel, transport in the country, entertainment, shopping, etc.
TRADE Exports of Goods and Services (% of GDP) Percentage The share of Exports of Goods and Services in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), expressed in percentage.
TRADE Exports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) Percentage Annual growth rate of Exports of Goods and Services based on constant national currency.
TRADE Exports of Goods and Services in USD Million USD Exports of Goods and Services consist of sales, barter, or gifts or grants, of goods and services from residents to non-residents. Expressed in USD at current prices.
TRADE Fuel Exports (% of Merchandise Exports) Percentage The share of fuel exports in the merchandise exports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Fuel Imports (% of Merchandise Imports) Percentage The share of fuel imports in the merchandise imports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Imports of Goods and Services (% of GDP) Percentage The share of Imports of Goods and Services in Gross Domestic Product (GDP), expressed in percentage.
TRADE Imports of Goods and Services (Annual % Change) Percentage Annual growth rate of Imports of Goods and Services based on constant national currency.
TRADE Imports of Goods and Services in National Currency Million National Currency Units Imports of Goods and Services consist of purchases, barter, or receipts of gifts or grants, of goods and services by residents from non- residents. Expressed in national currency at current prices.
TRADE Imports of Goods and Services in USD Million USD Imports of Goods and Services consist of purchases, barter, or receipts of gifts or grants, of goods and services by residents from non- residents. Expressed in USD at current prices.
TRADE Intra-OIC Merchandise Exports Million USD Merchandise exports of a country to the OIC member countries.
TRADE Intra-OIC Merchandise Exports (% of Merchandise Exports) Percentage Merchandise exports of a country to the OIC member countries, expressed as a percentage of its total merchandise exports.
TRADE Intra-OIC Merchandise Imports Million USD Merchandise imports of a country from the OIC member countries.
TRADE Intra-OIC Merchandise Imports (% of Merchandise Imports) Percentage Merchandise imports of a country from the OIC member countries, expressed as a percentage of its total merchandise imports.
TRADE Manufactures Exports (% of Merchandise Exports) Percentage The share of manufactures exports in the merchandise exports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Manufactures Imports (% of Merchandise Imports) Percentage The share of manufactures imports in the merchandise imports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Merchandise Exports Million USD Merchandise exports show the f.o.b. value of goods provided to the rest of the world.
TRADE Merchandise Imports Million USD Merchandise imports show the c.i.f. value of goods received from the rest of the world.
TRADE Non-Fuel Primary Goods Exports (% of Merchandise Exports) Percentage The share of non-fuel primary commodities in the merchandise exports of the country, expressed in percentage.
TRADE Non-Fuel Primary Goods Imports (% of Merchandise Imports) Percentage The share of non-fuel primary commodities in the merchandise imports of the country, expressed in percentage.
WATER Agricultural Water Managed Area, Total Thousand Hectares Sum of total area equipped for irrigation and areas with other forms of agricultural water management (non-equipped flood recession cropping area and non-equipped cultivated wetlands and inland valley bottoms).
WATER Area Equipped For Irrigation Full Control, Total Thousand Hectares The sum of surface irrigation, sprinkler irrigation and localized irrigation.
WATER Area Equipped For Irrigation, Total Thousand Hectares Area equipped to provide water (via irrigation) to crops. It includes areas equipped for full/partial control irrigation, equipped lowland areas, and areas equipped for spate irrigation.
WATER Average Precipitation in Depth mm / year Long-term average (over space and time) of annual endogenous precipitation (produced in the country) in depth.
WATER Average Precipitation in Volume 109 m3 / year Long-term average (over space and time) of annual endogenous precipitation (produced in the country) in volume.
WATER Dam Capacity, Total Km3 Total cumulative storage capacity of all dams in each country. The value indicates the sum of the theoretical initial capacities of all dams, which does not change with time. The amount of water stored within any dam is likely less than the capacity due to silting. Data on small dams may not be included, although their aggregate storage capacity is generally not significant. Detailed information on dams can be accessed in regional geo-referenced dam databases on http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/dams/index.stm.
WATER Dependency Ratio Percentage Indicator expressing the percent of total renewable water resources originating outside the country. This indicator may theoretically vary between 0% and 100%. A country with a dependency ratio equal to 0% does not receive any water from neighbouring countries. A country with a dependency ratio equal to 100% receives all its renewable water from upstream countries, without producing any of its own. This indicator does not consider the possible allocation of water to downstream countries.
WATER Desalinated Water Produced 109 m3 / year Water produced annually by desalination of brackish or salt water. It is estimated annually on the basis of the total capacity of water desalination installations.
WATER Groundwater: Total Renewable 109 m3 / year This is the sum of the internal renewable groundwater resources and the total external actual renewable groundwater resources. In general natural and actual external (entering) renewable groundwater resources are considered to be the same.
WATER Surface Water: Total Renewable 109 m3 / year This is the sum of the internal renewable surface water resources and the total external actual renewable surface water resources.
WATER Wastewater, Produced, Volume 109 m3 / year Annual quantity of wastewater generated in the country, in other words, the quantity of water that has been polluted by adding waste. The origin can be domestic use (used water from bathing, sanitary, cooking, etc.) or industrial wastewater routed to the wastewater treatment plant. It does not include agricultural drainage water, which is the water withdrawn for agriculture but not consumed and returned to the system.
WATER Wastewater, Treated, Volume 109 m3 / year Quantity of generated wastewater that is treated in a given year and discharged from treatment plants (effluent). Wastewater treatment is the process to render wastewater fit to meet applicable environmental standards for discharge. Three broad phases of traditional treatment can be distinguished: primary, secondary and tertiary treatment. Discharge standards vary significantly from country to country, and therefore so do the phases of treatment. For purposes of calculating the total amount of treated waste water, volumes and loads reported should be shown only under the ""highest"" type of treatment to which it was subjected.
WATER Water Resources: Total External Renewable 109 m3 / year Actual External Renewable Water Resources (ERWR_actual): That part of the country's annual renewable water resources that are not generated in the country. It includes inflows from upstream countries (groundwater and surface water), and part of the water of border lakes and/or rivers. Contrary to natural external renewable water resources (i.e. the situation without human influence), ERWR_actual take into account the quantity of flow reserved by upstream (incoming flow) and/or downstream (outflow) countries through formal or informal agreements or treaties, and possible water abstraction occurring in the upstream countries. Therefore, it may vary with time. In extreme cases, it may be negative when the flow reserved to downstream countries is more than the incoming flow. The rules applied for computing ERWR are given in Box 6 (page 15) of FAO Water Report 23. 2003. Review of world water resources by country (http://www.fao.org/ag/agl/aglw/aquastat/reports/index2.stm).
WATER Water Resources: Total Internal Renewable 109 m3 / year Internal Renewable Water Resources (IRWR): Long-term average annual flow of rivers and recharge of aquifers generated from endogenous precipitation. Double counting of surface water and groundwater resources is avoided by deducting the overlap from the sum of the surface water and groundwater resources.
WATER Water Resources: Total Renewable 109 m3 / year Total Actual Renewable Water Resources (TRWR_actual): The sum of internal renewable water resources (IRWR) and external actual renewable water resources (ERWR_actual). It corresponds to the maximum theoretical yearly amount of water actually available for a country at a given moment.
WATER Water Resources: Total Renewable Per Capita m3 / inhab / yr Total annual actual renewable water resources per inhabitant
WATER Water Withdrawal, Agriculture, % of Total Percentage Agricultural water withdrawal as percentage of total water withdrawal. Agricultural water withdrawal includes annual quantity of water withdrawn for irrigation, livestock and aquaculture purposes. It also includes renewable freshwater resources as well as over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater, use of agricultural drainage water, (treated) wastewater and desalinated water.
WATER Water Withdrawal, Groundwater 109 m3 / year Annual gross amount of water extracted from aquifers. It includes withdrawal of renewable groundwater, water extracted from deep fossil aquifers (non-renewable water) and potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater.
WATER Water Withdrawal, Industrial, % of Total Percentage Industrial water withdrawal as percentage of total water withdrawal. Annual quantity of water withdrawn for industrial uses includes renewable water resources as well as potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater and potential use of desalinated water or treated wastewater. This sector refers to self-supplied industries not connected to the public distribution network. The ratio between net consumption and withdrawal is estimated at less than 5%. It includes water for the cooling of thermoelectric plants, but it does not include hydropower.
WATER Water Withdrawal, Municipal, % of Total Percentage Municipal water withdrawal as percentage of total water withdrawal. Annual quantity of water withdrawn primarily for the direct use by the population includes renewable freshwater resources as well as potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater and the potential use of desalinated water or treated wastewater. It is usually computed as the total water withdrawn by the public distribution network. It can include that part of the industries, which is connected to the municipal network. The ratio between the net consumption and the water withdrawn can vary from 5 to 15% in urban areas and from 10 to 50% in rural areas.
WATER Water Withdrawal, Per Capita m3 / inhab / yr Total annual amount of water withdrawn per capita
WATER Water Withdrawal, Surface water 109 m3 / year Annual gross amount of water extracted from renewable surface water resources such as rivers, lakes and reservoirs. It includes withdrawal of primary renewable surface water resources and secondary freshwater sources (water previously withdrawn and returned).
WATER Water Withdrawal, Total 109 m3 / year Annual quantity of water withdrawn for agricultural, industrial and municipal purposes. It includes renewable freshwater resources as well as potential over-abstraction of renewable groundwater or withdrawal of fossil groundwater and potential use of desalinated water or treated wastewater. It does not include in stream uses, which are characterized by a very low net consumption rate, such as recreation, navigation, hydropower, inland capture fisheries, etc.
YOUTH Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15-24 Female (%) Percentage Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country’s population that is employed. Ages 15–24 are generally considered the youth population.
YOUTH Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15-24, Male (%) Percentage Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country’s population that is employed. Ages 15–24 are generally considered the youth population.
YOUTH Employment to Population Ratio, Ages 15-24, Total (%) Percentage Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country’s population that is employed. Ages 15–24 are generally considered the youth population.
YOUTH Gender Parity Index for Youth Literacy Rate (Female over Male) Ratio Ratio of Youth Literacy Rate, Female and Youth Literacy Rate, Male
YOUTH Labor Force Participation Rate for Ages 15-24, Female (%) Percentage Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24 is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
YOUTH Labor Force Participation Rate for Ages 15-24, Male (%) Percentage Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24 is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
YOUTH Labor Force Participation Rate for Ages 15-24, Total (%) Percentage Labor force participation rate for ages 15-24 is the proportion of the population ages 15-24 that is economically active: all people who supply labor for the production of goods and services during a specified period.
YOUTH Literacy Rate, Youth, Female Percentage Percentage of the female population aged between 15 and 24 that is able to read, write and thus to fully participate in the wider society.
YOUTH Literacy Rate, Youth, Male Percentage Percentage of the male population aged between 15 and 24 that is able to read, write and thus to fully participate in the wider society.
YOUTH Literacy Rate, Youth, Total Percentage Percentage of the population aged between 15 and 24 that is able to read, write and thus to fully participate in the wider society.
YOUTH Prevalence Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Youth, Both Sexes Percentage The youth prevalence rate, expressed as a percentage of the total youth population aged 13 - 15, refers to the number of current users of any tobacco product per 100 of the youth population (aged 13 - 15). When this prevalence rate is multiplied by the youth population (aged 13 - 15), the result is an estimate of the number of current users of any tobacco product aged 13 - 15 in the country. Current users of any tobacco product are defined as those that consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once during the last 30 days prior to the survey.
YOUTH Prevalence Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Youth, Male Percentage The youth prevalence rate, expressed as a percentage of the total youth population aged 13 - 15, refers to the number of current users of any tobacco product per 100 of the youth population (aged 13 - 15). When this prevalence rate is multiplied by the youth population (aged 13 - 15), the result is an estimate of the number of current users of any tobacco product aged 13 - 15 in the country.  Current users of any tobacco product are defined as those that consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once during the last 30 days prior to the survey.
YOUTH Prevalence Rate of Tobacco Consumption, Youth,Female Percentage The youth prevalence rate, expressed as a percentage of the total youth population aged 13 - 15, refers to the number of current users of any tobacco product per 100 of the youth population (aged 13 - 15). When this prevalence rate is multiplied by the youth population (aged 13 - 15), the result is an estimate of the number of current users of any tobacco product aged 13 - 15 in the country.  Current users of any tobacco product are defined as those that consumed any smokeless or smoking tobacco product at least once during the last 30 days prior to the survey.
YOUTH Unemployment, Youth Female (% of female labor force ages 15-24) Percentage Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment.
YOUTH Unemployment, Youth Male (% of male labor force ages 15-24) Percentage Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment.
YOUTH Unemployment, Youth Total (% of total labor force ages 15-24) Percentage Youth unemployment refers to the share of the labor force ages 15-24 without work but available for and seeking employment.