Since November 2007, the Centre has been preparing short outlook reports on various socio-economic development topics related to the OIC Member States. Using the Centre’s OIC Statistics (OICStat) Database, these reports present statistical information and analytical investigations on the topics under consideration, enriched with figures and tables. The topics of these reports include, among others, demography and structure of population, size and structure of the economy, saving and investment, structure and direction of trade, labour productivity, health, tourism, gender, food security, cancer and street children.

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Agro-Industry in the OIC Member Countries: An Overview of Potentials

The problems facing developing countries and countries with economies in transition are many and daunting: widespread poverty, low levels of productivity and infrastructure development as well as poorly integrated markets, especially in rural areas. These problems are further exacerbated by underdeveloped rural industrial organisation characterized by small and medium-size enterprises inadequately linked to world markets and, in some cases, by a still incomplete process of economic liberalisation in the transition from a centrally controlled economy to a market system.

Civil Society in OIC Member Countries

This report is a general overview of the concept of civil society and its current state in ten countries of the Islamic world. Following a brief introduction to the theoretical meaning, structure and significance of civil society and civil societal organizations, the report presents an introductory overview of the situation of civil society in ten countries that are members of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC); Azerbaijan, Egypt, Indonesia, Lebanon, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Turkey, and Uganda. The situation in these countries is presented using the findings of a study, Civil Society Index (CSI) (Phase 1: 2003-2006), carried out by CIVICUS, World Alliance for Citizen Participation. It is important to keep in mind that although geographically diverse, the Member Countries in the CSI cannot represent the OIC Countries as a whole. Therefore, the ratings in the index should not be generalized to include all the members of the OIC.

An Overview of the Trade among OIC Countries

Since the early 1970s, member states of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) have been pursuing the goal of enhancing economic and commercial cooperation to improve the economic linkages and coordination among themselves and to jointly act against the global challenges facing them. Trade has been paid special importance in this regard and, accordingly, considerable efforts have been so far spent at various OIC levels to develop ways and means of joint cooperative action to expand the trade among the OIC countries (intra-OIC trade).

Climate Change: Impacts on Agriculture in OIC Member Countries

Today, climate change is one of the most crucial environmental challenges with serious negative socio-economic consequences. Although, triggered both by natural and human induced reasons, climate change is underway since centuries with increasing frequency and intensity in recent decades compared to the past trends. During the last few decades, human activities related mainly to industrial production, agriculture and transportation emerged as the major contributor to the concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. According to the scientists the concentration of the GHGs, especially Carbon Dioxide (CO2), has increased by 70 % since 1970 (EU Agriculture, 2007). Increasing concentration of GHGs emissions is causing global warming (i.e. increase in the Earth’s surface mean temperature) which is one of the most common manifestations of climate change. In addition, timing and amount of rainfall is changing, level of precipitation become highly variable and occurrence of extreme weather events like floods, draughts, cyclones and storms is more often compared to the past. Changes in these important variables have severe negative implications for human binges as they affect negatively the availability of basic necessities like food and water and deteriorate the health conditions.

International Migration in the OIC Member Countries

International migration represents any cross border movement by people from one country to another as a result of personal, economic and/or political motives. The personal motives for migration range from having better education opportunities to seeking a mild climate for a better life standard. The economic motives for international migration which especially gained speed after the Industrial Revolution are centred on finding jobs which offer better wages and work conditions. The political motives for international migration due to increasing instabilities within nations have made migratory flows increase since the 20th century in which mankind happened to see the World War I and II, and many other regional clashes. The purpose of this OIC Outlook is to depict the international migration in the OIC Member Countries. The presentation is based on the data from the World Development Indicators (WDI) Database and “Migration and Remittances Factbook 2008” of the World Bank, and OECD.Stat Extracts.

Tobacco Use in OIC Countries: Prospects and Challenges

Tobacco epidemic is becoming an important issue to be tackled nationally in many countries with its growing use across the world and global efforts to prevent tobacco use. Currently, tobacco use mainly consists of cigarettes. Yet, there are many other consumable products made from tobacco. These include chewing tobacco, cigars, dipping tobacco and dissolvable tobacco among others. Although using cigarettes is widely recognized to cause serious damage to human health, impact of using other tobacco products cannot be neglected in the same way, thus should also be given consideration for making an analysis about use of tobacco products in general whether it be for a country or a region.

Research and Scientific Development in OIC Countries

Research in science and technology is of great importance and key to progress towards a knowledge-based, or an innovation-driven economy. On one hand, it promotes better understanding on different aspects of life while, on the other hand, it helps to improve the standard of living by creating new knowledge and technological innovation.